com.aspose.words

Class Section

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    java.lang.Iterable, java.lang.Cloneable
    public class Section 
    extends CompositeNode

Represents a single section in a document.

Section can have one Body and maximum one HeaderFooter of each HeaderFooterType. Body and HeaderFooter nodes can be in any order inside Section.

A minimal valid section needs to have Body with one Paragraph.

Each section has its own set of properties that specify page size, orientation, margins etc.

You can create a copy of a section using deepClone(boolean). The copy can be inserted into the same or different document.

To add, insert or remove a whole section including section break and section properties use methods of the Sections object.

To copy and insert just content of the section excluding the section break and section properties use AppendContent and PrependContent methods.

Example:

Shows how to construct an Aspose.Words document by hand.
Document doc = new Document();

// A blank document contains one section, one body and one paragraph.
// Call the "RemoveAllChildren" method to remove all those nodes,
// and end up with a document node with no children.
doc.removeAllChildren();

// This document now has no composite child nodes that we can add content to.
// If we wish to edit it, we will need to repopulate its node collection.
// First, create a new section, and then append it as a child to the root document node.
Section section = new Section(doc);
doc.appendChild(section);

// Set some page setup properties for the section.
section.getPageSetup().setSectionStart(SectionStart.NEW_PAGE);
section.getPageSetup().setPaperSize(PaperSize.LETTER);

// A section needs a body, which will contain and display all of its contents
// on the page between the section's header and footer.
Body body = new Body(doc);
section.appendChild(body);

// Create a paragraph, set some formatting properties, and then append it as a child to the body.
Paragraph para = new Paragraph(doc);

para.getParagraphFormat().setStyleName("Heading 1");
para.getParagraphFormat().setAlignment(ParagraphAlignment.CENTER);

body.appendChild(para);

// Finally, add some content to do the document by creating a run,
// setting its text contents and appearance, and appending it as a child to the paragraph.
Run run = new Run(doc);
run.setText("Hello World!");
run.getFont().setColor(Color.RED);
para.appendChild(run);

Assert.assertEquals("Hello World!", doc.getText().trim());

doc.save(getArtifactsDir() + "Section.CreateManually.docx");

Constructor Summary
Section(DocumentBase doc)
Initializes a new instance of the Section class.
 
Property Getters/Setters Summary
BodygetBody()
Returns the Body child node of the section.
NodeCollectiongetChildNodes()
Gets all immediate child nodes of this node.
intgetCount()
Gets the number of immediate children of this node.
intgetCustomNodeId()
void
setCustomNodeId(intvalue)
           Specifies custom node identifier.
DocumentBasegetDocument()
Gets the document to which this node belongs.
NodegetFirstChild()
Gets the first child of the node.
booleanhasChildNodes()
Returns true if this node has any child nodes.
HeaderFooterCollectiongetHeadersFooters()
Provides access to the headers and footers nodes of the section.
booleanisComposite()
Returns true as this node can have child nodes.
NodegetLastChild()
Gets the last child of the node.
NodegetNextSibling()
Gets the node immediately following this node.
intgetNodeType()
Returns NodeType.Section. The value of the property is NodeType integer constant.
PageSetupgetPageSetup()
Returns an object that represents page setup and section properties.
CompositeNodegetParentNode()
Gets the immediate parent of this node.
NodegetPreviousSibling()
Gets the node immediately preceding this node.
booleangetProtectedForForms()
void
setProtectedForForms(booleanvalue)
           True if the section is protected for forms. When a section is protected for forms, users can select and modify text only in form fields in Microsoft Word.
RangegetRange()
Returns a Range object that represents the portion of a document that is contained in this node.
 
Method Summary
booleanaccept(DocumentVisitor visitor)
Accepts a visitor.
NodeappendChild(Node newChild)
Adds the specified node to the end of the list of child nodes for this node.
voidappendContent(Section sourceSection)
Inserts a copy of content of the source section at the end of this section.
voidclearContent()
Clears the section.
voidclearHeadersFooters()
Clears the headers and footers of this section.
SectiondeepClone()
Creates a duplicate of this section.
NodedeepClone(boolean isCloneChildren)
Creates a duplicate of the node.
voiddeleteHeaderFooterShapes()
Deletes all shapes (drawing objects) from the headers and footers of this section.
voidensureMinimum()
Ensures that the section has Body with one Paragraph.
CompositeNodegetAncestor(int ancestorType)
Gets the first ancestor of the specified NodeType.
CompositeNodegetAncestor(java.lang.Class ancestorType)
Gets the first ancestor of the specified object type.
NodegetChild(int nodeType, int index, boolean isDeep)
Returns an Nth child node that matches the specified type.
NodeCollectiongetChildNodes(int nodeType, boolean isDeep)
Returns a live collection of child nodes that match the specified type.
java.lang.StringgetText()
Gets the text of this node and of all its children.
intindexOf(Node child)
Returns the index of the specified child node in the child node array.
NodeinsertAfter(Node newChild, Node refChild)
Inserts the specified node immediately after the specified reference node.
NodeinsertBefore(Node newChild, Node refChild)
Inserts the specified node immediately before the specified reference node.
java.util.Iterator<Node>iterator()
Provides support for the for each style iteration over the child nodes of this node.
NodenextPreOrder(Node rootNode)
Gets next node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
NodeprependChild(Node newChild)
Adds the specified node to the beginning of the list of child nodes for this node.
voidprependContent(Section sourceSection)
Inserts a copy of content of the source section at the beginning of this section.
NodepreviousPreOrder(Node rootNode)
Gets the previous node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
voidremove()
Removes itself from the parent.
voidremoveAllChildren()
Removes all the child nodes of the current node.
NoderemoveChild(Node oldChild)
Removes the specified child node.
voidremoveSmartTags()
Removes all SmartTag descendant nodes of the current node.
NodeListselectNodes(java.lang.String xpath)
Selects a list of nodes matching the XPath expression.
NodeselectSingleNode(java.lang.String xpath)
Selects the first Node that matches the XPath expression.
java.lang.StringtoString(SaveOptions saveOptions)
Exports the content of the node into a string using the specified save options.
java.lang.StringtoString(int saveFormat)
Exports the content of the node into a string in the specified format.
 

    • Constructor Detail

      • Section

        public Section(DocumentBase doc)
        Initializes a new instance of the Section class.

        When the section is created, it belongs to the specified document, but is not yet part of the document and ParentNode is null.

        To include Section into a document use Document.InsertAfter, Document.InsertBefore or Sections.Add and Section.Insert methods.

        Parameters:
        doc - The owner document.

        Example:

        Shows how to construct an Aspose.Words document by hand.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // A blank document contains one section, one body and one paragraph.
        // Call the "RemoveAllChildren" method to remove all those nodes,
        // and end up with a document node with no children.
        doc.removeAllChildren();
        
        // This document now has no composite child nodes that we can add content to.
        // If we wish to edit it, we will need to repopulate its node collection.
        // First, create a new section, and then append it as a child to the root document node.
        Section section = new Section(doc);
        doc.appendChild(section);
        
        // Set some page setup properties for the section.
        section.getPageSetup().setSectionStart(SectionStart.NEW_PAGE);
        section.getPageSetup().setPaperSize(PaperSize.LETTER);
        
        // A section needs a body, which will contain and display all of its contents
        // on the page between the section's header and footer.
        Body body = new Body(doc);
        section.appendChild(body);
        
        // Create a paragraph, set some formatting properties, and then append it as a child to the body.
        Paragraph para = new Paragraph(doc);
        
        para.getParagraphFormat().setStyleName("Heading 1");
        para.getParagraphFormat().setAlignment(ParagraphAlignment.CENTER);
        
        body.appendChild(para);
        
        // Finally, add some content to do the document by creating a run,
        // setting its text contents and appearance, and appending it as a child to the paragraph.
        Run run = new Run(doc);
        run.setText("Hello World!");
        run.getFont().setColor(Color.RED);
        para.appendChild(run);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello World!", doc.getText().trim());
        
        doc.save(getArtifactsDir() + "Section.CreateManually.docx");
    • Property Getters/Setters Detail

      • getBody

        public Body getBody()
        
        Returns the Body child node of the section.

        Body contains main text of the section.

        Returns null if the section does not have a Body node among its children.

        Example:

        Clears main text from all sections from the document leaving the sections themselves.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // A blank document contains one section, one body and one paragraph.
        // Call the "RemoveAllChildren" method to remove all those nodes,
        // and end up with a document node with no children.
        doc.removeAllChildren();
        
        // This document now has no composite child nodes that we can add content to.
        // If we wish to edit it, we will need to repopulate its node collection.
        // First, create a new section, and then append it as a child to the root document node.
        Section section = new Section(doc);
        doc.appendChild(section);
        
        // A section needs a body, which will contain and display all of its contents
        // on the page between the section's header and footer.
        Body body = new Body(doc);
        section.appendChild(body);
        
        // This body has no children, so we cannot add runs to it yet.
        Assert.assertEquals(0, doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getChildNodes(NodeType.ANY, true).getCount());
        
        // Call the "EnsureMinimum" to make sure that this body contains at least one empty paragraph. 
        body.ensureMinimum();
        
        // Now, we can add runs to the body, and get the document to display them.
        body.getFirstParagraph().appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world!"));
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello world!", doc.getText().trim());
      • getChildNodes

        public NodeCollection getChildNodes()
        
        Gets all immediate child nodes of this node.

        Note, ChildNodes is equivalent to calling GetChildNodes(NodeType.Any, false) and creates and returns a new collection every time it is accessed.

        If there are no child nodes, this property returns an empty collection.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse through a composite node's collection of child nodes.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // Add two runs and one shape as child nodes to the first paragraph of this document.
        Paragraph paragraph = (Paragraph) doc.getChild(NodeType.PARAGRAPH, 0, true);
        paragraph.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world! "));
        
        Shape shape = new Shape(doc, ShapeType.RECTANGLE);
        shape.setWidth(200.0);
        shape.setHeight(200.0);
        shape.setWrapType(WrapType.INLINE);
        paragraph.appendChild(shape);
        
        paragraph.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello again!"));
        
        // Iterate through the paragraph's collection of immediate children,
        // and print any runs or shapes that we find within.
        NodeCollection children = paragraph.getChildNodes();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(3, paragraph.getChildNodes().getCount());
        
        for (Node child : (Iterable<Node>) children)
            switch (child.getNodeType()) {
                case NodeType.RUN:
                    System.out.println("Run contents:");
                    System.out.println("\t\"{child.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                    break;
                case NodeType.SHAPE:
                    Shape childShape = (Shape) child;
                    System.out.println("Shape:");
                    System.out.println("\t{childShape.ShapeType}, {childShape.Width}x{childShape.Height}");
                    break;
            }
      • getCount

        public int getCount()
        
        Gets the number of immediate children of this node.

        Example:

        Shows how to add, update and delete child nodes in a CompositeNode's collection of children.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // An empty document, by default, has one paragraph.
        Assert.assertEquals(1, doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getParagraphs().getCount());
        
        // Composite nodes such as our paragraph can contain other composite and inline nodes as children.
        Paragraph paragraph = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstParagraph();
        Run paragraphText = new Run(doc, "Initial text. ");
        paragraph.appendChild(paragraphText);
        
        // Create three more run nodes.
        Run run1 = new Run(doc, "Run 1. ");
        Run run2 = new Run(doc, "Run 2. ");
        Run run3 = new Run(doc, "Run 3. ");
        
        // The document body will not display these runs until we insert them into a composite node
        // that itself is a part of the document's node tree, as we did with the first run.
        // We can determine where the text contents of nodes that we insert
        // appears in the document by specifying an insertion location relative to another node in the paragraph.
        Assert.assertEquals("Initial text.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        
        // Insert the second run into the paragraph in front of the initial run.
        paragraph.insertBefore(run2, paragraphText);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 2. Initial text.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        
        // Insert the third run after the initial run.
        paragraph.insertAfter(run3, paragraphText);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 2. Initial text. Run 3.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        
        // Insert the first run to the start of the paragraph's child nodes collection.
        paragraph.prependChild(run1);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 1. Run 2. Initial text. Run 3.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        Assert.assertEquals(4, paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.ANY, true).getCount());
        
        // We can modify the contents of the run by editing and deleting existing child nodes.
        ((Run)paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.RUN, true).get(1)).setText("Updated run 2. ");
        paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.RUN, true).remove(paragraphText);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 1. Updated run 2. Run 3.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        Assert.assertEquals(3, paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.ANY, true).getCount());
      • getCustomNodeId/setCustomNodeId

        public int getCustomNodeId() / public void setCustomNodeId(int value)
        
        Specifies custom node identifier.

        Default is zero.

        This identifier can be set and used arbitrarily. For example, as a key to get external data.

      • getDocument

        public DocumentBase getDocument()
        
        Gets the document to which this node belongs.

        The node always belongs to a document even if it has just been created and not yet added to the tree, or if it has been removed from the tree.

        Example:

        Shows how to create a node and set its owning document.
        Document doc = new Document();
        Paragraph para = new Paragraph(doc);
        para.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world!"));
        
        // We have not yet appended this paragraph as a child to any composite node.
        Assert.assertNull(para.getParentNode());
        
        // If a node is an appropriate child node type of another composite node,
        // we can attach it as a child only if both nodes have the same owner document.
        // The owner document is the document we passed to the node's constructor.
        // We have not attached this paragraph to the document, so the document does not contain its text.
        Assert.assertEquals(para.getDocument(), doc);
        Assert.assertEquals("", doc.getText().trim());
        
        // Since the document owns this paragraph, we can apply one of its styles to the paragraph's contents.
        para.getParagraphFormat().setStyleName("Heading 1");
        
        // Add this node to the document, and then verify its contents.
        doc.getFirstSection().getBody().appendChild(para);
        
        Assert.assertEquals(doc.getFirstSection().getBody(), para.getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello world!", doc.getText().trim());
      • getFirstChild

        public Node getFirstChild()
        
        Gets the first child of the node. If there is no first child node, a null is returned.

        Example:

        Shows how to use a node's NextSibling property to enumerate through its immediate children.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Paragraphs.docx");
        
        for (Node node = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstChild(); node != null; node = node.getNextSibling()) {
            System.out.println(Node.nodeTypeToString(node.getNodeType()));
        }

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse a composite node's tree of child nodes.
        public void recurseChildren() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Paragraphs.docx");
        
            // Any node that can contain child nodes, such as the document itself, is composite.
            Assert.assertTrue(doc.isComposite());
        
            // Invoke the recursive function that will go through and print all the child nodes of a composite node.
            traverseAllNodes(doc, 0);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Recursively traverses a node tree while printing the type of each node
        /// with an indent depending on depth as well as the contents of all inline nodes.
        /// </summary>
        @Test(enabled = false)
        public void traverseAllNodes(CompositeNode parentNode, int depth) {
            for (Node childNode = parentNode.getFirstChild(); childNode != null; childNode = childNode.getNextSibling()) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("{0}{1}", String.format("    ", depth), Node.nodeTypeToString(childNode.getNodeType())));
        
                // Recurse into the node if it is a composite node. Otherwise, print its contents if it is an inline node.
                if (childNode.isComposite()) {
                    System.out.println();
                    traverseAllNodes((CompositeNode) childNode, depth + 1);
                } else if (childNode instanceof Inline) {
                    System.out.println(" - \"{childNode.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                } else {
                    System.out.println();
                }
            }
        }
      • hasChildNodes

        public boolean hasChildNodes()
        
        Returns true if this node has any child nodes.

        Example:

        Shows how to combine the rows from two tables into one.
        // Load the document
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Tables.docx");
        
        // Get the first and second table in the document
        // The rows from the second table will be appended to the end of the first table
        Table firstTable = (Table) doc.getChild(NodeType.TABLE, 0, true);
        Table secondTable = (Table) doc.getChild(NodeType.TABLE, 1, true);
        
        // Append all rows from the current table to the next
        // Due to the design of tables even tables with different cell count and widths can be joined into one table
        while (secondTable.hasChildNodes())
            firstTable.getRows().add(secondTable.getFirstRow());
        
        // Remove the empty table container
        secondTable.remove();
        
        doc.save(getArtifactsDir() + "Table.CombineTables.docx");
      • getHeadersFooters

        public HeaderFooterCollection getHeadersFooters()
        
        Provides access to the headers and footers nodes of the section.

        Example:

        Shows how to replace text in a document's footer.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Footer.docx");
        
        HeaderFooterCollection headersFooters = doc.getFirstSection().getHeadersFooters();
        HeaderFooter footer = headersFooters.getByHeaderFooterType(HeaderFooterType.FOOTER_PRIMARY);
        
        FindReplaceOptions options = new FindReplaceOptions();
        options.setMatchCase(false);
        options.setFindWholeWordsOnly(false);
        
        int currentYear = new Date().getYear();
        footer.getRange().replace("(C) 2006 Aspose Pty Ltd.", MessageFormat.format("Copyright (C) {0} by Aspose Pty Ltd.", currentYear), options);
        
        doc.save(getArtifactsDir() + "HeaderFooter.ReplaceText.docx");

        Example:

        Shows how to delete all footers from a document.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Header and footer types.docx");
        
        // Iterate through each section, and remove every kind of footer.
        for (Section section : doc.getSections()) {
            // There are three kinds of footer and header types.
            // 1 -  The "First" header/footer, which only appears on the first page of a section.
            HeaderFooter footer = section.getHeadersFooters().getByHeaderFooterType(HeaderFooterType.FOOTER_FIRST);
            if (footer != null) {
                footer.remove();
            }
        
            // 2 -  The "Primary" header/footer, which appears on odd pages.
            footer = section.getHeadersFooters().getByHeaderFooterType(HeaderFooterType.FOOTER_PRIMARY);
            if (footer != null) {
                footer.remove();
            }
        
            // 3 -  The "Even" header/footer, which appears on odd even pages. 
            footer = section.getHeadersFooters().getByHeaderFooterType(HeaderFooterType.FOOTER_EVEN);
            if (footer != null) {
                footer.remove();
            }
        
            Assert.assertEquals(0, IterableUtils.countMatches(section.getHeadersFooters(), s -> !s.isHeader()));
        }
        
        doc.save(getArtifactsDir() + "HeaderFooter.RemoveFooters.docx");
      • isComposite

        public boolean isComposite()
        
        Returns true as this node can have child nodes.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse a composite node's tree of child nodes.
        public void recurseChildren() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Paragraphs.docx");
        
            // Any node that can contain child nodes, such as the document itself, is composite.
            Assert.assertTrue(doc.isComposite());
        
            // Invoke the recursive function that will go through and print all the child nodes of a composite node.
            traverseAllNodes(doc, 0);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Recursively traverses a node tree while printing the type of each node
        /// with an indent depending on depth as well as the contents of all inline nodes.
        /// </summary>
        @Test(enabled = false)
        public void traverseAllNodes(CompositeNode parentNode, int depth) {
            for (Node childNode = parentNode.getFirstChild(); childNode != null; childNode = childNode.getNextSibling()) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("{0}{1}", String.format("    ", depth), Node.nodeTypeToString(childNode.getNodeType())));
        
                // Recurse into the node if it is a composite node. Otherwise, print its contents if it is an inline node.
                if (childNode.isComposite()) {
                    System.out.println();
                    traverseAllNodes((CompositeNode) childNode, depth + 1);
                } else if (childNode instanceof Inline) {
                    System.out.println(" - \"{childNode.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                } else {
                    System.out.println();
                }
            }
        }
      • getLastChild

        public Node getLastChild()
        
        Gets the last child of the node. If there is no last child node, a null is returned.

        Example:

        Shows how to use of methods of Node and CompositeNode to remove a section before the last section in the document.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        builder.writeln("Section 1 text.");
        builder.insertBreak(BreakType.SECTION_BREAK_CONTINUOUS);
        builder.writeln("Section 2 text.");
        
        // Both sections are siblings of each other.
        Section lastSection = (Section) doc.getLastChild();
        Section firstSection = (Section) lastSection.getPreviousSibling();
        
        // Remove a section based on its sibling relationship with another section.
        if (lastSection.getPreviousSibling() != null)
            doc.removeChild(firstSection);
        
        // The section we removed was the first one, leaving the document with only the second.
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 2 text.", doc.getText().trim());
      • getNextSibling

        public Node getNextSibling()
        
        Gets the node immediately following this node. If there is no next node, a null is returned.

        Example:

        Shows how to use a node's NextSibling property to enumerate through its immediate children.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Paragraphs.docx");
        
        for (Node node = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstChild(); node != null; node = node.getNextSibling()) {
            System.out.println(Node.nodeTypeToString(node.getNodeType()));
        }

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse a composite node's tree of child nodes.
        public void recurseChildren() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Paragraphs.docx");
        
            // Any node that can contain child nodes, such as the document itself, is composite.
            Assert.assertTrue(doc.isComposite());
        
            // Invoke the recursive function that will go through and print all the child nodes of a composite node.
            traverseAllNodes(doc, 0);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Recursively traverses a node tree while printing the type of each node
        /// with an indent depending on depth as well as the contents of all inline nodes.
        /// </summary>
        @Test(enabled = false)
        public void traverseAllNodes(CompositeNode parentNode, int depth) {
            for (Node childNode = parentNode.getFirstChild(); childNode != null; childNode = childNode.getNextSibling()) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("{0}{1}", String.format("    ", depth), Node.nodeTypeToString(childNode.getNodeType())));
        
                // Recurse into the node if it is a composite node. Otherwise, print its contents if it is an inline node.
                if (childNode.isComposite()) {
                    System.out.println();
                    traverseAllNodes((CompositeNode) childNode, depth + 1);
                } else if (childNode instanceof Inline) {
                    System.out.println(" - \"{childNode.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                } else {
                    System.out.println();
                }
            }
        }
      • getNodeType

        public int getNodeType()
        
        Returns NodeType.Section. The value of the property is NodeType integer constant.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse a composite node's tree of child nodes.
        public void recurseChildren() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Paragraphs.docx");
        
            // Any node that can contain child nodes, such as the document itself, is composite.
            Assert.assertTrue(doc.isComposite());
        
            // Invoke the recursive function that will go through and print all the child nodes of a composite node.
            traverseAllNodes(doc, 0);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Recursively traverses a node tree while printing the type of each node
        /// with an indent depending on depth as well as the contents of all inline nodes.
        /// </summary>
        @Test(enabled = false)
        public void traverseAllNodes(CompositeNode parentNode, int depth) {
            for (Node childNode = parentNode.getFirstChild(); childNode != null; childNode = childNode.getNextSibling()) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("{0}{1}", String.format("    ", depth), Node.nodeTypeToString(childNode.getNodeType())));
        
                // Recurse into the node if it is a composite node. Otherwise, print its contents if it is an inline node.
                if (childNode.isComposite()) {
                    System.out.println();
                    traverseAllNodes((CompositeNode) childNode, depth + 1);
                } else if (childNode instanceof Inline) {
                    System.out.println(" - \"{childNode.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                } else {
                    System.out.println();
                }
            }
        }
      • getPageSetup

        public PageSetup getPageSetup()
        
        Returns an object that represents page setup and section properties.

        Example:

        Shows how to create a wide blue band border at the top of the first page.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        PageSetup pageSetup = doc.getSections().get(0).getPageSetup();
        pageSetup.setBorderAlwaysInFront(false);
        pageSetup.setBorderDistanceFrom(PageBorderDistanceFrom.PAGE_EDGE);
        pageSetup.setBorderAppliesTo(PageBorderAppliesTo.FIRST_PAGE);
        
        Border border = pageSetup.getBorders().getByBorderType(BorderType.TOP);
        border.setLineStyle(LineStyle.SINGLE);
        border.setLineWidth(30.0);
        border.setColor(Color.BLUE);
        border.setDistanceFromText(0.0);
        
        doc.save(getArtifactsDir() + "PageSetup.PageBorderProperties.docx");

        Example:

        Shows how to construct an Aspose.Words document by hand.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // A blank document contains one section, one body and one paragraph.
        // Call the "RemoveAllChildren" method to remove all those nodes,
        // and end up with a document node with no children.
        doc.removeAllChildren();
        
        // This document now has no composite child nodes that we can add content to.
        // If we wish to edit it, we will need to repopulate its node collection.
        // First, create a new section, and then append it as a child to the root document node.
        Section section = new Section(doc);
        doc.appendChild(section);
        
        // Set some page setup properties for the section.
        section.getPageSetup().setSectionStart(SectionStart.NEW_PAGE);
        section.getPageSetup().setPaperSize(PaperSize.LETTER);
        
        // A section needs a body, which will contain and display all of its contents
        // on the page between the section's header and footer.
        Body body = new Body(doc);
        section.appendChild(body);
        
        // Create a paragraph, set some formatting properties, and then append it as a child to the body.
        Paragraph para = new Paragraph(doc);
        
        para.getParagraphFormat().setStyleName("Heading 1");
        para.getParagraphFormat().setAlignment(ParagraphAlignment.CENTER);
        
        body.appendChild(para);
        
        // Finally, add some content to do the document by creating a run,
        // setting its text contents and appearance, and appending it as a child to the paragraph.
        Run run = new Run(doc);
        run.setText("Hello World!");
        run.getFont().setColor(Color.RED);
        para.appendChild(run);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello World!", doc.getText().trim());
        
        doc.save(getArtifactsDir() + "Section.CreateManually.docx");
      • getParentNode

        public CompositeNode getParentNode()
        
        Gets the immediate parent of this node.

        If a node has just been created and not yet added to the tree, or if it has been removed from the tree, the parent is null.

        Example:

        Shows how to access a node's parent node.
        Document doc = new Document();
        Paragraph para = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstParagraph();
        
        // Append a child Run node to the document's first paragraph.
        Run run = new Run(doc, "Hello world!");
        para.appendChild(run);
        
        // The paragraph is the parent node of the run node. We can trace this lineage
        // all the way to the document node, which is the root of the document's node tree.
        Assert.assertEquals(para, run.getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals(doc.getFirstSection().getBody(), para.getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals(doc.getFirstSection(), doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals(doc, doc.getFirstSection().getParentNode());

        Example:

        Shows how to create a node and set its owning document.
        Document doc = new Document();
        Paragraph para = new Paragraph(doc);
        para.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world!"));
        
        // We have not yet appended this paragraph as a child to any composite node.
        Assert.assertNull(para.getParentNode());
        
        // If a node is an appropriate child node type of another composite node,
        // we can attach it as a child only if both nodes have the same owner document.
        // The owner document is the document we passed to the node's constructor.
        // We have not attached this paragraph to the document, so the document does not contain its text.
        Assert.assertEquals(para.getDocument(), doc);
        Assert.assertEquals("", doc.getText().trim());
        
        // Since the document owns this paragraph, we can apply one of its styles to the paragraph's contents.
        para.getParagraphFormat().setStyleName("Heading 1");
        
        // Add this node to the document, and then verify its contents.
        doc.getFirstSection().getBody().appendChild(para);
        
        Assert.assertEquals(doc.getFirstSection().getBody(), para.getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello world!", doc.getText().trim());
      • getPreviousSibling

        public Node getPreviousSibling()
        
        Gets the node immediately preceding this node. If there is no preceding node, a null is returned.

        Example:

        Shows how to use of methods of Node and CompositeNode to remove a section before the last section in the document.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        builder.writeln("Section 1 text.");
        builder.insertBreak(BreakType.SECTION_BREAK_CONTINUOUS);
        builder.writeln("Section 2 text.");
        
        // Both sections are siblings of each other.
        Section lastSection = (Section) doc.getLastChild();
        Section firstSection = (Section) lastSection.getPreviousSibling();
        
        // Remove a section based on its sibling relationship with another section.
        if (lastSection.getPreviousSibling() != null)
            doc.removeChild(firstSection);
        
        // The section we removed was the first one, leaving the document with only the second.
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 2 text.", doc.getText().trim());
      • getProtectedForForms/setProtectedForForms

        public boolean getProtectedForForms() / public void setProtectedForForms(boolean value)
        
        True if the section is protected for forms. When a section is protected for forms, users can select and modify text only in form fields in Microsoft Word.

        Example:

        Shows how to turn off protection for a section.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        builder.writeln("Section 1. Hello world!");
        builder.insertBreak(BreakType.SECTION_BREAK_NEW_PAGE);
        
        builder.writeln("Section 2. Hello again!");
        builder.write("Please enter text here: ");
        builder.insertTextInput("TextInput1", TextFormFieldType.REGULAR, "", "Placeholder text", 0);
        
        // Apply write protection to every section in the document.
        doc.protect(ProtectionType.ALLOW_ONLY_FORM_FIELDS);
        
        // Turn off write protection for the first section.
        doc.getSections().get(0).setProtectedForForms(false);
        
        // In this output document, we will be able to edit the first section freely,
        // and we will only be able to edit the contents of the form field in the second section.
        doc.save(getArtifactsDir() + "Section.Protect.docx");
      • getRange

        public Range getRange()
        
        Returns a Range object that represents the portion of a document that is contained in this node.

        Example:

        Shows how to delete all the nodes from a range.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        // Add text to the first section in the document, and then add another section.
        builder.write("Section 1. ");
        builder.insertBreak(BreakType.SECTION_BREAK_CONTINUOUS);
        builder.write("Section 2.");
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 1. \fSection 2.", doc.getText().trim());
        
        // Remove the first section entirely by removing all of the nodes
        // within its range, including the section itself.
        doc.getSections().get(0).getRange().delete();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(1, doc.getSections().getCount());
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 2.", doc.getText().trim());
    • Method Detail

      • accept

        public boolean accept(DocumentVisitor visitor)
                      throws java.lang.Exception
        Accepts a visitor.

        Enumerates over this node and all of its children. Each node calls a corresponding method on DocumentVisitor.

        For more info see the Visitor design pattern.

        Calls DocumentVisitor.VisitSectionStart, then calls Accept for all child nodes of the section and calls DocumentVisitor.VisitSectionEnd at the end.
        Parameters:
        visitor - The visitor that will visit the nodes.
        Returns:
        True if all nodes were visited; false if DocumentVisitor stopped the operation before visiting all nodes.
      • appendChild

        public Node appendChild(Node newChild)
                        throws java.lang.Exception
        Adds the specified node to the end of the list of child nodes for this node.

        If the newChild is already in the tree, it is first removed.

        If the node being inserted was created from another document, you should use DocumentBase.importNode(com.aspose.words.Node,boolean,int) to import the node to the current document. The imported node can then be inserted into the current document.

        Parameters:
        newChild - The node to add.
        Returns:
        The node added.

        Example:

        Shows how to construct an Aspose.Words document by hand.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // A blank document contains one section, one body and one paragraph.
        // Call the "RemoveAllChildren" method to remove all those nodes,
        // and end up with a document node with no children.
        doc.removeAllChildren();
        
        // This document now has no composite child nodes that we can add content to.
        // If we wish to edit it, we will need to repopulate its node collection.
        // First, create a new section, and then append it as a child to the root document node.
        Section section = new Section(doc);
        doc.appendChild(section);
        
        // Set some page setup properties for the section.
        section.getPageSetup().setSectionStart(SectionStart.NEW_PAGE);
        section.getPageSetup().setPaperSize(PaperSize.LETTER);
        
        // A section needs a body, which will contain and display all of its contents
        // on the page between the section's header and footer.
        Body body = new Body(doc);
        section.appendChild(body);
        
        // Create a paragraph, set some formatting properties, and then append it as a child to the body.
        Paragraph para = new Paragraph(doc);
        
        para.getParagraphFormat().setStyleName("Heading 1");
        para.getParagraphFormat().setAlignment(ParagraphAlignment.CENTER);
        
        body.appendChild(para);
        
        // Finally, add some content to do the document by creating a run,
        // setting its text contents and appearance, and appending it as a child to the paragraph.
        Run run = new Run(doc);
        run.setText("Hello World!");
        run.getFont().setColor(Color.RED);
        para.appendChild(run);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello World!", doc.getText().trim());
        
        doc.save(getArtifactsDir() + "Section.CreateManually.docx");
      • appendContent

        public void appendContent(Section sourceSection)
                          throws java.lang.Exception
        Inserts a copy of content of the source section at the end of this section.

        Only content of Body of the source section is copied, page setup, headers and footers are not copied.

        The nodes are automatically imported if the source section belongs to a different document.

        No new section is created in the destination document.

        Parameters:
        sourceSection - The section to copy content from.

        Example:

        Shows how to append the contents of a section to another section.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        builder.write("Section 1");
        builder.insertBreak(BreakType.SECTION_BREAK_NEW_PAGE);
        builder.write("Section 2");
        builder.insertBreak(BreakType.SECTION_BREAK_NEW_PAGE);
        builder.write("Section 3");
        
        Section section = doc.getSections().get(2);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 3" + ControlChar.SECTION_BREAK, section.getText());
        
        // Insert the contents of the first section to the beginning of the third section.
        Section sectionToPrepend = doc.getSections().get(0);
        section.prependContent(sectionToPrepend);
        
        // Insert the contents of the second section to the end of the third section.
        Section sectionToAppend = doc.getSections().get(1);
        section.appendContent(sectionToAppend);
        
        // The "PrependContent" and "AppendContent" methods did not create any new sections.
        Assert.assertEquals(3, doc.getSections().getCount());
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 1" + ControlChar.PARAGRAPH_BREAK +
                "Section 3" + ControlChar.PARAGRAPH_BREAK +
                        "Section 2" + ControlChar.SECTION_BREAK, section.getText());
      • clearContent

        public void clearContent()
                         throws java.lang.Exception
        Clears the section.

        The text of Body is cleared, only one empty paragraph is left that represents the section break.

        The text of all headers and footers is cleared, but HeaderFooter objects themselves are not removed.

        Example:

        Shows how to clear the contents of a section.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        builder.write("Hello world!");
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello world!", doc.getText().trim());
        Assert.assertEquals(1, doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getParagraphs().getCount());
        
        // Running the "ClearContent" method will remove all the section contents
        // but leave a blank paragraph to add content again.
        doc.getFirstSection().clearContent();
        
        Assert.assertEquals("", doc.getText().trim());
        Assert.assertEquals(1, doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getParagraphs().getCount());
      • clearHeadersFooters

        public void clearHeadersFooters()
        Clears the headers and footers of this section.

        The text of all headers and footers is cleared, but HeaderFooter objects themselves are not removed.

        This makes headers and footers of this section linked to headers and footers of the previous section.

        Example:

        Shows how to clear the contents of all headers and footers in a section.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(0, doc.getFirstSection().getHeadersFooters().getCount());
        
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        builder.moveToHeaderFooter(HeaderFooterType.HEADER_PRIMARY);
        builder.writeln("This is the primary header.");
        builder.moveToHeaderFooter(HeaderFooterType.FOOTER_PRIMARY);
        builder.writeln("This is the primary footer.");
        
        Assert.assertEquals(2, doc.getFirstSection().getHeadersFooters().getCount());
        
        Assert.assertEquals("This is the primary header.", doc.getFirstSection().getHeadersFooters().getByHeaderFooterType(HeaderFooterType.HEADER_PRIMARY).getText().trim());
        Assert.assertEquals("This is the primary footer.", doc.getFirstSection().getHeadersFooters().getByHeaderFooterType(HeaderFooterType.FOOTER_PRIMARY).getText().trim());
        
        // Empty all the headers and footers in this section of all their contents.
        // The headers and footers themselves will still be present, but will have nothing to display.
        doc.getFirstSection().clearHeadersFooters();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(2, doc.getFirstSection().getHeadersFooters().getCount());
        
        Assert.assertEquals("", doc.getFirstSection().getHeadersFooters().getByHeaderFooterType(HeaderFooterType.HEADER_PRIMARY).getText().trim());
        Assert.assertEquals("", doc.getFirstSection().getHeadersFooters().getByHeaderFooterType(HeaderFooterType.FOOTER_PRIMARY).getText().trim());
      • deepClone

        public Section deepClone()
        Creates a duplicate of this section.

        Example:

        Shows how to add and remove sections in a document.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        builder.write("Section 1");
        builder.insertBreak(BreakType.SECTION_BREAK_NEW_PAGE);
        builder.write("Section 2");
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 1\fSection 2", doc.getText().trim());
        
        // Delete the first section from the document.
        doc.getSections().removeAt(0);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 2", doc.getText().trim());
        
        // Append a copy of what is now the first section to the end of the document.
        int lastSectionIdx = doc.getSections().getCount() - 1;
        Section newSection = doc.getSections().get(lastSectionIdx).deepClone();
        doc.getSections().add(newSection);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 2\fSection 2", doc.getText().trim());
      • deepClone

        public Node deepClone(boolean isCloneChildren)
        Creates a duplicate of the node.

        This method serves as a copy constructor for nodes. The cloned node has no parent, but belongs to the same document as the original node.

        This method always performs a deep copy of the node. The isCloneChildren parameter specifies whether to perform copy all child nodes as well.

        Parameters:
        isCloneChildren - True to recursively clone the subtree under the specified node; false to clone only the node itself.
        Returns:
        The cloned node.

        Example:

        Shows how to clone a composite node.
        Document doc = new Document();
        Paragraph para = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstParagraph();
        para.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world!"));
        
        // Below are two ways of cloning a composite node.
        // 1 -  Create a clone of a node, and create a clone of each of its child nodes as well.
        Node cloneWithChildren = para.deepClone(true);
        
        Assert.assertTrue(((CompositeNode) cloneWithChildren).hasChildNodes());
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello world!", cloneWithChildren.getText().trim());
        
        // 2 -  Create a clone of a node just by itself without any children.
        Node cloneWithoutChildren = para.deepClone(false);
        
        Assert.assertFalse(((CompositeNode) cloneWithoutChildren).hasChildNodes());
        Assert.assertEquals("", cloneWithoutChildren.getText().trim());
      • deleteHeaderFooterShapes

        public void deleteHeaderFooterShapes()
        Deletes all shapes (drawing objects) from the headers and footers of this section.

        Example:

        Shows how to remove all shapes from all headers footers in a section.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        // Create a primary header with a shape.
        builder.moveToHeaderFooter(HeaderFooterType.HEADER_PRIMARY);
        builder.insertShape(ShapeType.RECTANGLE, 100.0, 100.0);
        
        // Create a primary footer with an image.
        builder.moveToHeaderFooter(HeaderFooterType.FOOTER_PRIMARY);
        builder.insertImage(getImageDir() + "Logo Icon.ico");
        
        Assert.assertEquals(1, doc.getFirstSection().getHeadersFooters().getByHeaderFooterType(HeaderFooterType.HEADER_PRIMARY).getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true).getCount());
        Assert.assertEquals(1, doc.getFirstSection().getHeadersFooters().getByHeaderFooterType(HeaderFooterType.FOOTER_PRIMARY).getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true).getCount());
        
        // Remove all shapes from the headers and footers in the first section.
        doc.getFirstSection().deleteHeaderFooterShapes();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(0, doc.getFirstSection().getHeadersFooters().getByHeaderFooterType(HeaderFooterType.HEADER_PRIMARY).getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true).getCount());
        Assert.assertEquals(0, doc.getFirstSection().getHeadersFooters().getByHeaderFooterType(HeaderFooterType.FOOTER_PRIMARY).getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true).getCount());
      • ensureMinimum

        public void ensureMinimum()
                          throws java.lang.Exception
        Ensures that the section has Body with one Paragraph.

        Example:

        Shows how to prepare a new section node for editing.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // A blank document comes with a section, which has a body, which in turn has a paragraph.
        // We can add contents to this document by adding elements such as text runs, shapes, or tables to that paragraph.
        Assert.assertEquals(NodeType.SECTION, doc.getChild(NodeType.ANY, 0, true).getNodeType());
        Assert.assertEquals(NodeType.BODY, doc.getSections().get(0).getChild(NodeType.ANY, 0, true).getNodeType());
        Assert.assertEquals(NodeType.PARAGRAPH, doc.getSections().get(0).getBody().getChild(NodeType.ANY, 0, true).getNodeType());
        
        // If we add a new section like this, it will not have a body, or any other child nodes.
        doc.getSections().add(new Section(doc));
        
        Assert.assertEquals(0, doc.getSections().get(1).getChildNodes(NodeType.ANY, true).getCount());
        
        // Run the "EnsureMinumim" method to add a body and a paragraph to this section to begin editing it.
        doc.getLastSection().ensureMinimum();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(NodeType.BODY, doc.getSections().get(1).getChild(NodeType.ANY, 0, true).getNodeType());
        Assert.assertEquals(NodeType.PARAGRAPH, doc.getSections().get(1).getBody().getChild(NodeType.ANY, 0, true).getNodeType());
        
        doc.getSections().get(0).getBody().getFirstParagraph().appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world!"));
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello world!", doc.getText().trim());
      • getAncestor

        public CompositeNode getAncestor(int ancestorType)
        Gets the first ancestor of the specified NodeType.
        Parameters:
        ancestorType - A NodeType value. The node type of the ancestor to retrieve.
        Returns:
        The ancestor of the specified type or null if no ancestor of this type was found.

        Example:

        Shows how to find out if a table contains another table or if the table itself is nested inside another table.
        public void calculateDepthOfNestedTables() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Nested tables.docx");
            NodeCollection tables = doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.TABLE, true);
        
            for (int i = 0; i < tables.getCount(); i++) {
                // First lets find if any cells in the table have tables themselves as children
                int count = getChildTableCount((Table) tables.get(i));
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} has {1} tables directly within its cells", i, count));
        
                // Now let's try the other way around, lets try find if the table is nested inside another table and at what depth
                int tableDepth = getNestedDepthOfTable((Table) tables.get(i));
        
                if (tableDepth > 0)
                    System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} is nested inside another table at depth of {1}", i, tableDepth));
                else
                    System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} is a non nested table (is not a child of another table)", i));
            }
        }
        
        /**
         * Calculates what level a table is nested inside other tables.
         *
         * @returns An integer containing the level the table is nested at.
         * 0 = Table is not nested inside any other table
         * 1 = Table is nested within one parent table
         * 2 = Table is nested within two parent tables etc..
         */
        private static int getNestedDepthOfTable(final Table table) {
            int depth = 0;
        
            int type = table.getNodeType();
            // The parent of the table will be a Cell, instead attempt to find a grandparent that is of type Table
            Node parent = table.getAncestor(table.getNodeType());
        
            while (parent != null) {
                // Every time we find a table a level up we increase the depth counter and then try to find an
                // ancestor of type table from the parent
                depth++;
                parent = parent.getAncestor(Table.class);
            }
        
            return depth;
        }
        
        /**
         * Determines if a table contains any immediate child table within its cells.
         * Does not recursively traverse through those tables to check for further tables.
         *
         * @returns Returns true if at least one child cell contains a table.
         * Returns false if no cells in the table contains a table.
         */
        private static int getChildTableCount(final Table table) {
            int tableCount = 0;
            // Iterate through all child rows in the table
            for (Row row : table.getRows()) {
                // Iterate through all child cells in the row
                for (Cell cell : row.getCells()) {
                    // Retrieve the collection of child tables of this cell
                    TableCollection childTables = cell.getTables();
        
                    // If this cell has a table as a child then return true
                    if (childTables.getCount() > 0) tableCount++;
                }
            }
        
            // No cell contains a table
            return tableCount;
        }
      • getAncestor

        public CompositeNode getAncestor(java.lang.Class ancestorType)
        Gets the first ancestor of the specified object type.

        The ancestor type matches if it is equal to ancestorType or derived from ancestorType.

        Parameters:
        ancestorType - The object type of the ancestor to retrieve.
        Returns:
        The ancestor of the specified type or null if no ancestor of this type was found.

        Example:

        Shows how to find out if a table contains another table or if the table itself is nested inside another table.
        public void calculateDepthOfNestedTables() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Nested tables.docx");
            NodeCollection tables = doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.TABLE, true);
        
            for (int i = 0; i < tables.getCount(); i++) {
                // First lets find if any cells in the table have tables themselves as children
                int count = getChildTableCount((Table) tables.get(i));
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} has {1} tables directly within its cells", i, count));
        
                // Now let's try the other way around, lets try find if the table is nested inside another table and at what depth
                int tableDepth = getNestedDepthOfTable((Table) tables.get(i));
        
                if (tableDepth > 0)
                    System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} is nested inside another table at depth of {1}", i, tableDepth));
                else
                    System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} is a non nested table (is not a child of another table)", i));
            }
        }
        
        /**
         * Calculates what level a table is nested inside other tables.
         *
         * @returns An integer containing the level the table is nested at.
         * 0 = Table is not nested inside any other table
         * 1 = Table is nested within one parent table
         * 2 = Table is nested within two parent tables etc..
         */
        private static int getNestedDepthOfTable(final Table table) {
            int depth = 0;
        
            int type = table.getNodeType();
            // The parent of the table will be a Cell, instead attempt to find a grandparent that is of type Table
            Node parent = table.getAncestor(table.getNodeType());
        
            while (parent != null) {
                // Every time we find a table a level up we increase the depth counter and then try to find an
                // ancestor of type table from the parent
                depth++;
                parent = parent.getAncestor(Table.class);
            }
        
            return depth;
        }
        
        /**
         * Determines if a table contains any immediate child table within its cells.
         * Does not recursively traverse through those tables to check for further tables.
         *
         * @returns Returns true if at least one child cell contains a table.
         * Returns false if no cells in the table contains a table.
         */
        private static int getChildTableCount(final Table table) {
            int tableCount = 0;
            // Iterate through all child rows in the table
            for (Row row : table.getRows()) {
                // Iterate through all child cells in the row
                for (Cell cell : row.getCells()) {
                    // Retrieve the collection of child tables of this cell
                    TableCollection childTables = cell.getTables();
        
                    // If this cell has a table as a child then return true
                    if (childTables.getCount() > 0) tableCount++;
                }
            }
        
            // No cell contains a table
            return tableCount;
        }
      • getChild

        public Node getChild(int nodeType, int index, boolean isDeep)
        Returns an Nth child node that matches the specified type.

        If index is out of range, a null is returned.

        Note that markup nodes (NodeType.STRUCTURED_DOCUMENT_TAG and NodeType.SMART_TAG) are traversed even when isDeep = false and GetChild is invoked for non-markup node type. For example if the first run in a para is wrapped in a StructuredDocumentTag, it will still be returned by GetChild(NodeType.Run, 0, false).
        Parameters:
        nodeType - A NodeType value. Specifies the type of the child node.
        index - Zero based index of the child node to select. Negative indexes are also allowed and indicate access from the end, that is -1 means the last node.
        isDeep - True to select from all child nodes recursively. False to select only among immediate children. See remarks for more info.
        Returns:
        The child node that matches the criteria or null if no matching node is found.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse through a composite node's collection of child nodes.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // Add two runs and one shape as child nodes to the first paragraph of this document.
        Paragraph paragraph = (Paragraph) doc.getChild(NodeType.PARAGRAPH, 0, true);
        paragraph.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world! "));
        
        Shape shape = new Shape(doc, ShapeType.RECTANGLE);
        shape.setWidth(200.0);
        shape.setHeight(200.0);
        shape.setWrapType(WrapType.INLINE);
        paragraph.appendChild(shape);
        
        paragraph.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello again!"));
        
        // Iterate through the paragraph's collection of immediate children,
        // and print any runs or shapes that we find within.
        NodeCollection children = paragraph.getChildNodes();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(3, paragraph.getChildNodes().getCount());
        
        for (Node child : (Iterable<Node>) children)
            switch (child.getNodeType()) {
                case NodeType.RUN:
                    System.out.println("Run contents:");
                    System.out.println("\t\"{child.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                    break;
                case NodeType.SHAPE:
                    Shape childShape = (Shape) child;
                    System.out.println("Shape:");
                    System.out.println("\t{childShape.ShapeType}, {childShape.Width}x{childShape.Height}");
                    break;
            }

        Example:

        Shows how to apply attributes of a table's style directly to the table's elements.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        Table table = builder.startTable();
        builder.insertCell();
        builder.write("Hello world!");
        builder.endTable();
        
        TableStyle tableStyle = (TableStyle) doc.getStyles().add(StyleType.TABLE, "MyTableStyle1");
        tableStyle.setRowStripe(3);
        tableStyle.setCellSpacing(5.0);
        tableStyle.getShading().setBackgroundPatternColor(Color.WHITE);
        tableStyle.getBorders().setColor(Color.BLUE);
        tableStyle.getBorders().setLineStyle(LineStyle.DOT_DASH);
        
        table.setStyle(tableStyle);
        
        // This method concerns table style attributes such as the ones we set above.
        doc.expandTableStylesToDirectFormatting();
        
        doc.save(getArtifactsDir() + "Document.TableStyleToDirectFormatting.docx");
      • getChildNodes

        public NodeCollection getChildNodes(int nodeType, boolean isDeep)
        Returns a live collection of child nodes that match the specified type.

        The collection of nodes returned by this method is always live.

        A live collection is always in sync with the document. For example, if you selected all sections in a document and enumerate through the collection deleting the sections, the section is removed from the collection immediately when it is removed from the document.

        Parameters:
        nodeType - A NodeType value. Specifies the type of nodes to select.
        isDeep - True to select from all child nodes recursively. False to select only among immediate children.
        Returns:
        A live collection of child nodes of the specified type.

        Example:

        Shows how to extract images from a document, and save them to the local file system as individual files.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Images.docx");
        
        // Get the collection of shapes from the document,
        // and save the image data of every shape with an image as a file to the local file system.
        NodeCollection shapes = doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true);
        
        int imageIndex = 0;
        for (Shape shape : (Iterable<Shape>) shapes) {
            if (shape.hasImage()) {
                // The image data of shapes may contain images of many possible image formats. 
                // We can determine a file extension for each image automatically, based on its format.
                String imageFileName = MessageFormat.format("File.ExtractImages.{0}{1}", imageIndex, FileFormatUtil.imageTypeToExtension(shape.getImageData().getImageType()));
                shape.getImageData().save(getArtifactsDir() + imageFileName);
                imageIndex++;
            }
        }

        Example:

        Shows how to print all of a document's comments and their replies.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Comments.docx");
        
        NodeCollection comments = doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.COMMENT, true);
        
        // If a comment has no ancestor, it is a "top-level" comment as opposed to a reply-type comment.
        // Print all top-level comments along with their replies, if there are any.
        for (Comment comment : (Iterable<Comment>) comments) {
            if (comment.getAncestor() == null) {
                System.out.println("Top-level comment:");
                System.out.println("\t\"{comment.GetText().Trim()}\", by {comment.Author}");
                System.out.println("Has {comment.Replies.Count} replies");
                for (Comment commentReply : comment.getReplies()) {
                    System.out.println("\t\"{commentReply.GetText().Trim()}\", by {commentReply.Author}");
                }
                System.out.println();
            }
        }
      • getText

        public java.lang.String getText()
        Gets the text of this node and of all its children.

        The returned string includes all control and special characters as described in ControlChar.

        Example:

        Shows how to output all paragraphs in a document that are bulleted or numbered.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        builder.getListFormat().applyNumberDefault();
        builder.writeln("Numbered list item 1");
        builder.writeln("Numbered list item 2");
        builder.writeln("Numbered list item 3");
        builder.getListFormat().removeNumbers();
        
        builder.getListFormat().applyBulletDefault();
        builder.writeln("Bulleted list item 1");
        builder.writeln("Bulleted list item 2");
        builder.writeln("Bulleted list item 3");
        builder.getListFormat().removeNumbers();
        
        NodeCollection paras = doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.PARAGRAPH, true);
        for (Paragraph para : (Iterable<Paragraph>) paras) {
            if (para.getListFormat().isListItem()) {
                System.out.println(java.text.MessageFormat.format("*** A paragraph belongs to list {0}", para.getListFormat().getList().getListId()));
                System.out.println(para.getText());
            }
        }

        Example:

        Shows the difference between calling the GetText and ToString methods on a node.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        builder.insertField("MERGEFIELD Field");
        
        // GetText will retrieve the visible text as well as field codes and special characters.
        Assert.assertEquals("\u0013MERGEFIELD Field\u0014«Field»\u0015\f", doc.getText());
        
        // ToString will give us the document's appearance if saved to a passed save format.
        Assert.assertEquals("«Field»\r\n", doc.toString(SaveFormat.TEXT));
      • indexOf

        public int indexOf(Node child)
        Returns the index of the specified child node in the child node array. Returns -1 if the node is not found in the child nodes.

        Example:

        Shows how to get the index of a given child node from its parent.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Rendering.docx");
        
        Body body = doc.getFirstSection().getBody();
        
        // Retrieve the index of the last paragraph in the body of the first section.
        Assert.assertEquals(24, body.getChildNodes().indexOf(body.getLastParagraph()));
      • insertAfter

        public Node insertAfter(Node newChild, Node refChild)
                        throws java.lang.Exception
        Inserts the specified node immediately after the specified reference node.

        If refChild is null, inserts newChild at the beginning of the list of child nodes.

        If the newChild is already in the tree, it is first removed.

        If the node being inserted was created from another document, you should use DocumentBase.importNode(com.aspose.words.Node,boolean,int) to import the node to the current document. The imported node can then be inserted into the current document.

        Parameters:
        newChild - The Node to insert.
        refChild - The Node that is the reference node. The newNode is placed after the refNode.
        Returns:
        The inserted node.

        Example:

        Shows how to add, update and delete child nodes in a CompositeNode's collection of children.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // An empty document, by default, has one paragraph.
        Assert.assertEquals(1, doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getParagraphs().getCount());
        
        // Composite nodes such as our paragraph can contain other composite and inline nodes as children.
        Paragraph paragraph = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstParagraph();
        Run paragraphText = new Run(doc, "Initial text. ");
        paragraph.appendChild(paragraphText);
        
        // Create three more run nodes.
        Run run1 = new Run(doc, "Run 1. ");
        Run run2 = new Run(doc, "Run 2. ");
        Run run3 = new Run(doc, "Run 3. ");
        
        // The document body will not display these runs until we insert them into a composite node
        // that itself is a part of the document's node tree, as we did with the first run.
        // We can determine where the text contents of nodes that we insert
        // appears in the document by specifying an insertion location relative to another node in the paragraph.
        Assert.assertEquals("Initial text.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        
        // Insert the second run into the paragraph in front of the initial run.
        paragraph.insertBefore(run2, paragraphText);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 2. Initial text.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        
        // Insert the third run after the initial run.
        paragraph.insertAfter(run3, paragraphText);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 2. Initial text. Run 3.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        
        // Insert the first run to the start of the paragraph's child nodes collection.
        paragraph.prependChild(run1);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 1. Run 2. Initial text. Run 3.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        Assert.assertEquals(4, paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.ANY, true).getCount());
        
        // We can modify the contents of the run by editing and deleting existing child nodes.
        ((Run)paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.RUN, true).get(1)).setText("Updated run 2. ");
        paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.RUN, true).remove(paragraphText);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 1. Updated run 2. Run 3.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        Assert.assertEquals(3, paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.ANY, true).getCount());

        Example:

        Shows how to replace all textboxes with images.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Textboxes in drawing canvas.docx");
        
        // This gets a live collection of all shape nodes in the document
        NodeCollection shapeCollection = doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true);
        
        // Since we will be adding/removing nodes, it is better to copy all collection
        // into a fixed size array, otherwise iterator will be invalidated
        Node[] shapes = shapeCollection.toArray();
        
        for (Node node : shapes) {
            Shape shape = (Shape) node;
            // Filter out all shapes that we don't need
            if (shape.getShapeType() == ShapeType.TEXT_BOX) {
                // Create a new shape that will replace the existing shape
                Shape image = new Shape(doc, ShapeType.IMAGE);
        
                // Load the image into the new shape
                image.getImageData().setImage(getImageDir() + "Windows MetaFile.wmf");
        
                // Make new shape's position to match the old shape
                image.setLeft(shape.getLeft());
                image.setTop(shape.getTop());
                image.setWidth(shape.getWidth());
                image.setHeight(shape.getHeight());
                image.setRelativeHorizontalPosition(shape.getRelativeHorizontalPosition());
                image.setRelativeVerticalPosition(shape.getRelativeVerticalPosition());
                image.setHorizontalAlignment(shape.getHorizontalAlignment());
                image.setVerticalAlignment(shape.getVerticalAlignment());
                image.setWrapType(shape.getWrapType());
                image.setWrapSide(shape.getWrapSide());
        
                // Insert new shape after the old shape and remove the old shape
                shape.getParentNode().insertAfter(image, shape);
                shape.remove();
            }
        }
        
        doc.save(getArtifactsDir() + "Shape.ReplaceTextboxesWithImages.docx");
      • insertBefore

        public Node insertBefore(Node newChild, Node refChild)
                         throws java.lang.Exception
        Inserts the specified node immediately before the specified reference node.

        If refChild is null, inserts newChild at the end of the list of child nodes.

        If the newChild is already in the tree, it is first removed.

        If the node being inserted was created from another document, you should use DocumentBase.importNode(com.aspose.words.Node,boolean,int) to import the node to the current document. The imported node can then be inserted into the current document.

        Parameters:
        newChild - The Node to insert.
        refChild - The Node that is the reference node. The newChild is placed before this node.
        Returns:
        The inserted node.

        Example:

        Shows how to add, update and delete child nodes in a CompositeNode's collection of children.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // An empty document, by default, has one paragraph.
        Assert.assertEquals(1, doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getParagraphs().getCount());
        
        // Composite nodes such as our paragraph can contain other composite and inline nodes as children.
        Paragraph paragraph = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstParagraph();
        Run paragraphText = new Run(doc, "Initial text. ");
        paragraph.appendChild(paragraphText);
        
        // Create three more run nodes.
        Run run1 = new Run(doc, "Run 1. ");
        Run run2 = new Run(doc, "Run 2. ");
        Run run3 = new Run(doc, "Run 3. ");
        
        // The document body will not display these runs until we insert them into a composite node
        // that itself is a part of the document's node tree, as we did with the first run.
        // We can determine where the text contents of nodes that we insert
        // appears in the document by specifying an insertion location relative to another node in the paragraph.
        Assert.assertEquals("Initial text.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        
        // Insert the second run into the paragraph in front of the initial run.
        paragraph.insertBefore(run2, paragraphText);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 2. Initial text.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        
        // Insert the third run after the initial run.
        paragraph.insertAfter(run3, paragraphText);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 2. Initial text. Run 3.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        
        // Insert the first run to the start of the paragraph's child nodes collection.
        paragraph.prependChild(run1);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 1. Run 2. Initial text. Run 3.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        Assert.assertEquals(4, paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.ANY, true).getCount());
        
        // We can modify the contents of the run by editing and deleting existing child nodes.
        ((Run)paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.RUN, true).get(1)).setText("Updated run 2. ");
        paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.RUN, true).remove(paragraphText);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 1. Updated run 2. Run 3.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        Assert.assertEquals(3, paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.ANY, true).getCount());
      • iterator

        public java.util.Iterator<Node> iterator()
        Provides support for the for each style iteration over the child nodes of this node.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse through a composite node's collection of child nodes.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // Add two runs and one shape as child nodes to the first paragraph of this document.
        Paragraph paragraph = (Paragraph) doc.getChild(NodeType.PARAGRAPH, 0, true);
        paragraph.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world! "));
        
        Shape shape = new Shape(doc, ShapeType.RECTANGLE);
        shape.setWidth(200.0);
        shape.setHeight(200.0);
        shape.setWrapType(WrapType.INLINE);
        paragraph.appendChild(shape);
        
        paragraph.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello again!"));
        
        // Iterate through the paragraph's collection of immediate children,
        // and print any runs or shapes that we find within.
        NodeCollection children = paragraph.getChildNodes();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(3, paragraph.getChildNodes().getCount());
        
        for (Node child : (Iterable<Node>) children)
            switch (child.getNodeType()) {
                case NodeType.RUN:
                    System.out.println("Run contents:");
                    System.out.println("\t\"{child.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                    break;
                case NodeType.SHAPE:
                    Shape childShape = (Shape) child;
                    System.out.println("Shape:");
                    System.out.println("\t{childShape.ShapeType}, {childShape.Width}x{childShape.Height}");
                    break;
            }
      • nextPreOrder

        public Node nextPreOrder(Node rootNode)
        Gets next node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
        Parameters:
        rootNode - The top node (limit) of traversal.
        Returns:
        Next node in pre-order order. Null if reached the rootNode.
      • prependChild

        public Node prependChild(Node newChild)
                         throws java.lang.Exception
        Adds the specified node to the beginning of the list of child nodes for this node.

        If the newChild is already in the tree, it is first removed.

        If the node being inserted was created from another document, you should use DocumentBase.importNode(com.aspose.words.Node,boolean,int) to import the node to the current document. The imported node can then be inserted into the current document.

        Parameters:
        newChild - The node to add.
        Returns:
        The node added.

        Example:

        Shows how to add, update and delete child nodes in a CompositeNode's collection of children.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // An empty document, by default, has one paragraph.
        Assert.assertEquals(1, doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getParagraphs().getCount());
        
        // Composite nodes such as our paragraph can contain other composite and inline nodes as children.
        Paragraph paragraph = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstParagraph();
        Run paragraphText = new Run(doc, "Initial text. ");
        paragraph.appendChild(paragraphText);
        
        // Create three more run nodes.
        Run run1 = new Run(doc, "Run 1. ");
        Run run2 = new Run(doc, "Run 2. ");
        Run run3 = new Run(doc, "Run 3. ");
        
        // The document body will not display these runs until we insert them into a composite node
        // that itself is a part of the document's node tree, as we did with the first run.
        // We can determine where the text contents of nodes that we insert
        // appears in the document by specifying an insertion location relative to another node in the paragraph.
        Assert.assertEquals("Initial text.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        
        // Insert the second run into the paragraph in front of the initial run.
        paragraph.insertBefore(run2, paragraphText);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 2. Initial text.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        
        // Insert the third run after the initial run.
        paragraph.insertAfter(run3, paragraphText);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 2. Initial text. Run 3.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        
        // Insert the first run to the start of the paragraph's child nodes collection.
        paragraph.prependChild(run1);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 1. Run 2. Initial text. Run 3.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        Assert.assertEquals(4, paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.ANY, true).getCount());
        
        // We can modify the contents of the run by editing and deleting existing child nodes.
        ((Run)paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.RUN, true).get(1)).setText("Updated run 2. ");
        paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.RUN, true).remove(paragraphText);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Run 1. Updated run 2. Run 3.", paragraph.getText().trim());
        Assert.assertEquals(3, paragraph.getChildNodes(NodeType.ANY, true).getCount());
      • prependContent

        public void prependContent(Section sourceSection)
                           throws java.lang.Exception
        Inserts a copy of content of the source section at the beginning of this section.

        Only content of Body of the source section is copied, page setup, headers and footers are not copied.

        The nodes are automatically imported if the source section belongs to a different document.

        No new section is created in the destination document.

        Parameters:
        sourceSection - The section to copy content from.

        Example:

        Shows how to append the contents of a section to another section.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        builder.write("Section 1");
        builder.insertBreak(BreakType.SECTION_BREAK_NEW_PAGE);
        builder.write("Section 2");
        builder.insertBreak(BreakType.SECTION_BREAK_NEW_PAGE);
        builder.write("Section 3");
        
        Section section = doc.getSections().get(2);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 3" + ControlChar.SECTION_BREAK, section.getText());
        
        // Insert the contents of the first section to the beginning of the third section.
        Section sectionToPrepend = doc.getSections().get(0);
        section.prependContent(sectionToPrepend);
        
        // Insert the contents of the second section to the end of the third section.
        Section sectionToAppend = doc.getSections().get(1);
        section.appendContent(sectionToAppend);
        
        // The "PrependContent" and "AppendContent" methods did not create any new sections.
        Assert.assertEquals(3, doc.getSections().getCount());
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 1" + ControlChar.PARAGRAPH_BREAK +
                "Section 3" + ControlChar.PARAGRAPH_BREAK +
                        "Section 2" + ControlChar.SECTION_BREAK, section.getText());
      • previousPreOrder

        public Node previousPreOrder(Node rootNode)
        Gets the previous node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
        Parameters:
        rootNode - The top node (limit) of traversal.
        Returns:
        Previous node in pre-order order. Null if reached the rootNode.
      • remove

        public void remove()
        Removes itself from the parent.

        Example:

        Shows how to remove all child nodes of a specific type from a composite node.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Tables.docx");
        
        Assert.assertEquals(2, doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.TABLE, true).getCount());
        
        Node curNode = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstChild();
        
        while (curNode != null) {
            // Save the next sibling node as a variable in case we want to move to it after deleting this node.
            Node nextNode = curNode.getNextSibling();
        
            // A section body can contain Paragraph and Table nodes.
            // If the node is a Table, remove it from the parent.
            if (curNode.getNodeType() == NodeType.TABLE) {
                curNode.remove();
            }
        
            curNode = nextNode;
        }
        
        Assert.assertEquals(0, doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.TABLE, true).getCount());
      • removeAllChildren

        public void removeAllChildren()
        Removes all the child nodes of the current node.

        Example:

        Shows how to construct an Aspose.Words document by hand.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // A blank document contains one section, one body and one paragraph.
        // Call the "RemoveAllChildren" method to remove all those nodes,
        // and end up with a document node with no children.
        doc.removeAllChildren();
        
        // This document now has no composite child nodes that we can add content to.
        // If we wish to edit it, we will need to repopulate its node collection.
        // First, create a new section, and then append it as a child to the root document node.
        Section section = new Section(doc);
        doc.appendChild(section);
        
        // Set some page setup properties for the section.
        section.getPageSetup().setSectionStart(SectionStart.NEW_PAGE);
        section.getPageSetup().setPaperSize(PaperSize.LETTER);
        
        // A section needs a body, which will contain and display all of its contents
        // on the page between the section's header and footer.
        Body body = new Body(doc);
        section.appendChild(body);
        
        // Create a paragraph, set some formatting properties, and then append it as a child to the body.
        Paragraph para = new Paragraph(doc);
        
        para.getParagraphFormat().setStyleName("Heading 1");
        para.getParagraphFormat().setAlignment(ParagraphAlignment.CENTER);
        
        body.appendChild(para);
        
        // Finally, add some content to do the document by creating a run,
        // setting its text contents and appearance, and appending it as a child to the paragraph.
        Run run = new Run(doc);
        run.setText("Hello World!");
        run.getFont().setColor(Color.RED);
        para.appendChild(run);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello World!", doc.getText().trim());
        
        doc.save(getArtifactsDir() + "Section.CreateManually.docx");
      • removeChild

        public Node removeChild(Node oldChild)
        Removes the specified child node.

        The parent of oldChild is set to null after the node is removed.

        Parameters:
        oldChild - The node to remove.
        Returns:
        The removed node.

        Example:

        Shows how to use of methods of Node and CompositeNode to remove a section before the last section in the document.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        builder.writeln("Section 1 text.");
        builder.insertBreak(BreakType.SECTION_BREAK_CONTINUOUS);
        builder.writeln("Section 2 text.");
        
        // Both sections are siblings of each other.
        Section lastSection = (Section) doc.getLastChild();
        Section firstSection = (Section) lastSection.getPreviousSibling();
        
        // Remove a section based on its sibling relationship with another section.
        if (lastSection.getPreviousSibling() != null)
            doc.removeChild(firstSection);
        
        // The section we removed was the first one, leaving the document with only the second.
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 2 text.", doc.getText().trim());
      • removeSmartTags

        public void removeSmartTags()
                            throws java.lang.Exception
        Removes all SmartTag descendant nodes of the current node. This method does not remove the content of the smart tags.

        Example:

        Removes all smart tags from descendant nodes of a composite node.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Smart tags.doc");
        
        Assert.assertEquals(8, doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SMART_TAG, true).getCount());
        
        doc.removeSmartTags();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(0, doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SMART_TAG, true).getCount());
      • selectNodes

        public NodeList selectNodes(java.lang.String xpath)
        Selects a list of nodes matching the XPath expression.

        Only expressions with element names are supported at the moment. Expressions that use attribute names are not supported.

        Parameters:
        xpath - The XPath expression.
        Returns:
        A list of nodes matching the XPath query.

        Example:

        Shows how to select certain nodes by using an XPath expression.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Tables.docx");
        
        // This expression will extract all paragraph nodes,
        // which are descendants of any table node in the document.
        NodeList nodeList = doc.selectNodes("//Table//Paragraph");
        
        // Iterate through the list with an enumerator and print the contents of every paragraph in each cell of the table.
        int index = 0;
        
        Iterator<Node> e = nodeList.iterator();
        while (e.hasNext()) {
            Node currentNode = e.next();
            System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table paragraph index {0}, contents: \"{1}\"", index++, currentNode.getText().trim()));
        }
        
        // This expression will select any paragraphs that are direct children of any Body node in the document.
        nodeList = doc.selectNodes("//Body/Paragraph");
        
        // We can treat the list as an array.
        Assert.assertEquals(nodeList.toArray().length, 4);
        
        // Use SelectSingleNode to select the first result of the same expression as above.
        Node node = doc.selectSingleNode("//Body/Paragraph");
        
        Assert.assertEquals(Paragraph.class, node.getClass());

        Example:

        Shows how to use an XPath expression to test whether a node is inside a field.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Mail merge destination - Northwind employees.docx");
        
        // The NodeList that results from this XPath expression will contain all nodes we find inside a field.
        // However, FieldStart and FieldEnd nodes can be on the list if there are nested fields in the path.
        // Currently does not find rare fields in which the FieldCode or FieldResult spans across multiple paragraphs.
        NodeList resultList =
                doc.selectNodes("//FieldStart/following-sibling::node()[following-sibling::FieldEnd]");
        
        // Check if the specified run is one of the nodes that are inside the field.
        System.out.println("Contents of the first Run node that's part of a field: {resultList.First(n => n.NodeType == NodeType.Run).GetText().Trim()}");
      • selectSingleNode

        public Node selectSingleNode(java.lang.String xpath)
        Selects the first Node that matches the XPath expression.

        Only expressions with element names are supported at the moment. Expressions that use attribute names are not supported.

        Parameters:
        xpath - The XPath expression.
        Returns:
        The first Node that matches the XPath query or null if no matching node is found.

        Example:

        Shows how to select certain nodes by using an XPath expression.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Tables.docx");
        
        // This expression will extract all paragraph nodes,
        // which are descendants of any table node in the document.
        NodeList nodeList = doc.selectNodes("//Table//Paragraph");
        
        // Iterate through the list with an enumerator and print the contents of every paragraph in each cell of the table.
        int index = 0;
        
        Iterator<Node> e = nodeList.iterator();
        while (e.hasNext()) {
            Node currentNode = e.next();
            System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table paragraph index {0}, contents: \"{1}\"", index++, currentNode.getText().trim()));
        }
        
        // This expression will select any paragraphs that are direct children of any Body node in the document.
        nodeList = doc.selectNodes("//Body/Paragraph");
        
        // We can treat the list as an array.
        Assert.assertEquals(nodeList.toArray().length, 4);
        
        // Use SelectSingleNode to select the first result of the same expression as above.
        Node node = doc.selectSingleNode("//Body/Paragraph");
        
        Assert.assertEquals(Paragraph.class, node.getClass());
      • toString

        public java.lang.String toString(SaveOptions saveOptions)
                       throws java.lang.Exception
        Exports the content of the node into a string using the specified save options.
        Parameters:
        saveOptions - Specifies the options that control how the node is saved.
        Returns:
        The content of the node in the specified format.

        Example:

        Exports the content of a node to String in HTML format.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Document.docx");
        
        Node node = doc.getLastSection().getBody().getLastParagraph();
        
        // When we call the ToString method using the html SaveFormat overload,
        // it converts the node's contents to their raw html representation.
        Assert.assertEquals("<p style=\"margin-top:0pt; margin-bottom:8pt; line-height:108%; font-size:12pt\">" +
                "<span style=\"font-family:'Times New Roman'\">Hello World!</span>" +
                "</p>", node.toString(SaveFormat.HTML));
        
        // We can also modify the result of this conversion using a SaveOptions object.
        HtmlSaveOptions saveOptions = new HtmlSaveOptions();
        saveOptions.setExportRelativeFontSize(true);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("<p style=\"margin-top:0pt; margin-bottom:8pt; line-height:108%\">" +
                "<span style=\"font-family:'Times New Roman'\">Hello World!</span>" +
                "</p>", node.toString(saveOptions));
      • toString

        public java.lang.String toString(int saveFormat)
                       throws java.lang.Exception
        Exports the content of the node into a string in the specified format.
        Returns:
        The content of the node in the specified format.
        Parameters:
        saveFormat - A SaveFormat value.

        Example:

        Shows how to extract the label of each paragraph in a list as a value or a String.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Rendering.docx");
        doc.updateListLabels();
        int listParaCount = 1;
        
        for (Paragraph paragraph : (Iterable<Paragraph>) doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.PARAGRAPH, true)) {
            // Find if we have the paragraph list. In our document our list uses plain arabic numbers,
            // which start at three and ends at six
            if (paragraph.getListFormat().isListItem()) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("List item paragraph #{0}", listParaCount));
        
                // This is the text we get when actually getting when we output this node to text format
                // The list labels are not included in this text output. Trim any paragraph formatting characters
                String paragraphText = paragraph.toString(SaveFormat.TEXT).trim();
                System.out.println("Exported Text: " + paragraphText);
        
                ListLabel label = paragraph.getListLabel();
                // This gets the position of the paragraph in current level of the list. If we have a list with multiple level then this
                // will tell us what position it is on that particular level
                System.out.println("\tNumerical Id: " + label.getLabelValue());
        
                // Combine them together to include the list label with the text in the output
                System.out.println("\tList label combined with text: " + label.getLabelString() + " " + paragraphText);
        
                listParaCount++;
            }
        }

        Example:

        Exports the content of a node to String in HTML format.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Document.docx");
        
        Node node = doc.getLastSection().getBody().getLastParagraph();
        
        // When we call the ToString method using the html SaveFormat overload,
        // it converts the node's contents to their raw html representation.
        Assert.assertEquals("<p style=\"margin-top:0pt; margin-bottom:8pt; line-height:108%; font-size:12pt\">" +
                "<span style=\"font-family:'Times New Roman'\">Hello World!</span>" +
                "</p>", node.toString(SaveFormat.HTML));
        
        // We can also modify the result of this conversion using a SaveOptions object.
        HtmlSaveOptions saveOptions = new HtmlSaveOptions();
        saveOptions.setExportRelativeFontSize(true);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("<p style=\"margin-top:0pt; margin-bottom:8pt; line-height:108%\">" +
                "<span style=\"font-family:'Times New Roman'\">Hello World!</span>" +
                "</p>", node.toString(saveOptions));

        Example:

        Shows the difference between calling the GetText and ToString methods on a node.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        builder.insertField("MERGEFIELD Field");
        
        // GetText will retrieve the visible text as well as field codes and special characters.
        Assert.assertEquals("\u0013MERGEFIELD Field\u0014«Field»\u0015\f", doc.getText());
        
        // ToString will give us the document's appearance if saved to a passed save format.
        Assert.assertEquals("«Field»\r\n", doc.toString(SaveFormat.TEXT));