com.aspose.words

Class FieldStart

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    java.lang.Cloneable
    public class FieldStart 
    extends FieldChar

Represents a start of a Word field in a document.

FieldStart is an inline-level node and represented by the ControlChar.FIELD_START_CHAR control character in the document.

FieldStart can only be a child of Paragraph.

A complete field in a Microsoft Word document is a complex structure consisting of a field start character, field code, field separator character, field result and field end character. Some fields only have field start, field code and field end.

To easily insert a new field into a document, use the DocumentBuilder.insertField(java.lang.String) method.

Example:

Shows how to work with a collection of fields.
public void fieldCollection() throws Exception {
    Document doc = new Document();
    DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);

    builder.insertField(" DATE \\@ \"dddd, d MMMM yyyy\" ");
    builder.insertField(" TIME ");
    builder.insertField(" REVNUM ");
    builder.insertField(" AUTHOR  \"John Doe\" ");
    builder.insertField(" SUBJECT \"My Subject\" ");
    builder.insertField(" QUOTE \"Hello world!\" ");
    doc.updateFields();

    FieldCollection fields = doc.getRange().getFields();

    Assert.assertEquals(6, fields.getCount());

    // Iterate over the field collection, and print contents and type
    // of every field using a custom visitor implementation.
    FieldVisitor fieldVisitor = new FieldVisitor();

    Iterator<Field> fieldEnumerator = fields.iterator();

    while (fieldEnumerator.hasNext()) {
        if (fieldEnumerator != null) {
            Field currentField = fieldEnumerator.next();

            currentField.getStart().accept(fieldVisitor);
            if (currentField.getSeparator() != null) {
                currentField.getSeparator().accept(fieldVisitor);
            }
            currentField.getEnd().accept(fieldVisitor);
        } else {
            System.out.println("There are no fields in the document.");
        }
    }

    System.out.println(fieldVisitor.getText());
}

/// <summary>
/// Document visitor implementation that prints field info.
/// </summary>
public static class FieldVisitor extends DocumentVisitor {
    public FieldVisitor() {
        mBuilder = new StringBuilder();
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets the plain text of the document that was accumulated by the visitor.
    /// </summary>
    public String getText() {
        return mBuilder.toString();
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Called when a FieldStart node is encountered in the document.
    /// </summary>
    public int visitFieldStart(final FieldStart fieldStart) {
        mBuilder.append("Found field: " + fieldStart.getFieldType() + "\r\n");
        mBuilder.append("\tField code: " + fieldStart.getField().getFieldCode() + "\r\n");
        mBuilder.append("\tDisplayed as: " + fieldStart.getField().getResult() + "\r\n");

        return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Called when a FieldSeparator node is encountered in the document.
    /// </summary>
    public int visitFieldSeparator(final FieldSeparator fieldSeparator) {
        mBuilder.append("\tFound separator: " + fieldSeparator.getText() + "\r\n");

        return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Called when a FieldEnd node is encountered in the document.
    /// </summary>
    public int visitFieldEnd(final FieldEnd fieldEnd) {
        mBuilder.append("End of field: " + fieldEnd.getFieldType() + "\r\n");

        return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
    }

    private final /*final*/ StringBuilder mBuilder;
}

Example:

Shows how to find all hyperlinks in a Word document, and then change their URLs and display names.
import com.aspose.words.*;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;

import java.util.regex.Matcher;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

public class ExReplaceHyperlinks extends ApiExampleBase {
    public void fields() throws Exception {
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Hyperlinks.docx");

        // Hyperlinks in a Word documents are fields. To begin looking for hyperlinks, we must first find all the fields.
        // Use the "SelectNodes" method to find all the fields in the document via an XPath.
        NodeList fieldStarts = doc.selectNodes("//FieldStart");
        for (FieldStart fieldStart : (Iterable<FieldStart>) fieldStarts) {
            if (fieldStart.getFieldType() == FieldType.FIELD_HYPERLINK) {
                Hyperlink hyperlink = new Hyperlink(fieldStart);

                // Hyperlinks that link to bookmarks do not have URLs.
                if (hyperlink.isLocal()) continue;

                // Give each URL hyperlink a new URL and name.
                hyperlink.setTarget(NEW_URL);
                hyperlink.setName(NEW_NAME);
            }
        }

        doc.save(getArtifactsDir() + "ReplaceHyperlinks.Fields.docx");
    }

    private static final String NEW_URL = "http://www.aspose.com";
    private static final String NEW_NAME = "Aspose - The .NET & Java Component Publisher";
}

/**
 * This "facade" class makes it easier to work with a hyperlink field in a Word document.
 * <p>
 * HYPERLINK fields contain and display hyperlinks in the document body. A field in Aspose.Words
 * consists of several nodes, and it might be difficult to work with all those nodes directly.
 * This implementation will work only if the hyperlink code and name each consist of only one Run node.
 * <p>
 * The node structure for fields is as follows:
 * <p>
 * [FieldStart][Run - field code][FieldSeparator][Run - field result][FieldEnd]
 * <p>
 * Below are two example field codes of HYPERLINK fields:
 * HYPERLINK "url"
 * HYPERLINK \l "bookmark name"
 * <p>
 * A field's "Result" property contains text that the field displays in the document body to the user.
 */
class Hyperlink {
    Hyperlink(final FieldStart fieldStart) throws Exception {
        if (fieldStart == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("fieldStart");
        }

        if (fieldStart.getFieldType() != FieldType.FIELD_HYPERLINK) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Field start type must be FieldHyperlink.");
        }

        mFieldStart = fieldStart;

        // Find the field separator node.
        mFieldSeparator = findNextSibling(mFieldStart, NodeType.FIELD_SEPARATOR);
        if (mFieldSeparator == null) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("Cannot find field separator.");
        }

        // Normally, we can always find the field's end node, but the example document 
        // contains a paragraph break inside a hyperlink, which puts the field end 
        // in the next paragraph. It will be much more complicated to handle fields which span several 
        // paragraphs correctly. In this case allowing field end to be null is enough.
        mFieldEnd = findNextSibling(mFieldSeparator, NodeType.FIELD_END);

        // Field code looks something like "HYPERLINK "http:\\www.myurl.com"", but it can consist of several runs.
        String fieldCode = getTextSameParent(mFieldStart.getNextSibling(), mFieldSeparator);
        Matcher matcher = G_REGEX.matcher(fieldCode.trim());
        matcher.find();

        // The hyperlink is local if \l is present in the field code.
        mIsLocal = (matcher.group(1) != null) && (matcher.group(1).length() > 0);
        mTarget = matcher.group(2);
    }

    /**
     * Gets or sets the display name of the hyperlink.
     */
    String getName() throws Exception {
        return getTextSameParent(mFieldSeparator, mFieldEnd);
    }

    void setName(final String value) throws Exception {
        // Hyperlink display name is stored in the field result, which is a Run 
        // node between field separator and field end.
        Run fieldResult = (Run) mFieldSeparator.getNextSibling();
        fieldResult.setText(value);

        // If the field result consists of more than one run, delete these runs.
        removeSameParent(fieldResult.getNextSibling(), mFieldEnd);
    }

    /**
     * Gets or sets the target URL or bookmark name of the hyperlink.
     */
    String getTarget() {
        return mTarget;
    }

    void setTarget(final String value) throws Exception {
        mTarget = value;
        updateFieldCode();
    }

    /**
     * True if the hyperlinks target is a bookmark inside the document. False if the hyperlink is a URL.
     */
    boolean isLocal() {
        return mIsLocal;
    }

    void isLocal(final boolean value) throws Exception {
        mIsLocal = value;
        updateFieldCode();
    }

    private void updateFieldCode() throws Exception {
        // A field's field code is in a Run node between the field's start node and field separator.
        Run fieldCode = (Run) mFieldStart.getNextSibling();
        fieldCode.setText(java.text.MessageFormat.format("HYPERLINK {0}\"{1}\"", ((mIsLocal) ? "\\l " : ""), mTarget));

        // If the field code consists of more than one run, delete these runs.
        removeSameParent(fieldCode.getNextSibling(), mFieldSeparator);
    }

    /**
     * Goes through siblings starting from the start node until it finds a node of the specified type or null.
     */
    private static Node findNextSibling(final Node startNode, final int nodeType) {
        for (Node node = startNode; node != null; node = node.getNextSibling()) {
            if (node.getNodeType() == nodeType) return node;
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * Retrieves text from start up to but not including the end node.
     */
    private static String getTextSameParent(final Node startNode, final Node endNode) {
        if ((endNode != null) && (startNode.getParentNode() != endNode.getParentNode())) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Start and end nodes are expected to have the same parent.");
        }

        StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
        for (Node child = startNode; !child.equals(endNode); child = child.getNextSibling()) {
            builder.append(child.getText());
        }

        return builder.toString();
    }

    /**
     * Removes nodes from start up to but not including the end node.
     * Assumes that the start and end nodes have the same parent.
     */
    private static void removeSameParent(final Node startNode, final Node endNode) {
        if ((endNode != null) && (startNode.getParentNode() != endNode.getParentNode())) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Start and end nodes are expected to have the same parent.");
        }

        Node curChild = startNode;
        while ((curChild != null) && (curChild != endNode)) {
            Node nextChild = curChild.getNextSibling();
            curChild.remove();
            curChild = nextChild;
        }
    }

    private final Node mFieldStart;
    private final Node mFieldSeparator;
    private final Node mFieldEnd;
    private boolean mIsLocal;
    private String mTarget;

    private static final Pattern G_REGEX = Pattern.compile(
            "\\S+" +             // One or more non spaces HYPERLINK or other word in other languages.
                    "\\s+" +             // One or more spaces.
                    "(?:\"\"\\s+)?" +    // Non-capturing optional "" and one or more spaces.
                    "(\\\\l\\s+)?" +     // Optional \l flag followed by one or more spaces.
                    "\"" +               // One apostrophe.
                    "([^\"]+)" +         // One or more characters, excluding the apostrophe (hyperlink target).
                    "\""                 // One closing apostrophe.
    );
}

Property Getters/Setters Summary
intgetCustomNodeId()
void
setCustomNodeId(intvalue)
           Specifies custom node identifier.
DocumentBasegetDocument()
Gets the document to which this node belongs.
intgetFieldType()
Returns the type of the field. The value of the property is FieldType integer constant.
FontgetFont()
Provides access to the font formatting of this object.
booleanisComposite()
Returns true if this node can contain other nodes.
booleanisDeleteRevision()
Returns true if this object was deleted in Microsoft Word while change tracking was enabled.
booleanisDirty()
void
isDirty(booleanvalue)
           Gets or sets whether the current result of the field is no longer correct (stale) due to other modifications made to the document.
booleanisFormatRevision()
Returns true if formatting of the object was changed in Microsoft Word while change tracking was enabled.
booleanisInsertRevision()
Returns true if this object was inserted in Microsoft Word while change tracking was enabled.
booleanisLocked()
void
isLocked(booleanvalue)
           Gets or sets whether the parent field is locked (should not recalculate its result).
booleanisMoveFromRevision()
Returns true if this object was moved (deleted) in Microsoft Word while change tracking was enabled.
booleanisMoveToRevision()
Returns true if this object was moved (inserted) in Microsoft Word while change tracking was enabled.
NodegetNextSibling()
Gets the node immediately following this node.
intgetNodeType()
Returns NodeType.FIELD_START. The value of the property is NodeType integer constant.
CompositeNodegetParentNode()
Gets the immediate parent of this node.
ParagraphgetParentParagraph()
Retrieves the parent Paragraph of this node.
NodegetPreviousSibling()
Gets the node immediately preceding this node.
RangegetRange()
Returns a Range object that represents the portion of a document that is contained in this node.
 
Method Summary
booleanaccept(DocumentVisitor visitor)
Accepts a visitor.
NodedeepClone(boolean isCloneChildren)
Creates a duplicate of the node.
CompositeNodegetAncestor(int ancestorType)
Gets the first ancestor of the specified NodeType.
CompositeNodegetAncestor(java.lang.Class ancestorType)
Gets the first ancestor of the specified object type.
FieldgetField()
Returns a field for the field char.
java.lang.StringgetText()
Gets the special character that this node represents.
NodenextPreOrder(Node rootNode)
Gets next node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
NodepreviousPreOrder(Node rootNode)
Gets the previous node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
voidremove()
Removes itself from the parent.
java.lang.StringtoString(SaveOptions saveOptions)
Exports the content of the node into a string using the specified save options.
java.lang.StringtoString(int saveFormat)
Exports the content of the node into a string in the specified format.
 

    • Property Getters/Setters Detail

      • getCustomNodeId/setCustomNodeId

        public int getCustomNodeId() / public void setCustomNodeId(int value)
        
        Specifies custom node identifier.

        Default is zero.

        This identifier can be set and used arbitrarily. For example, as a key to get external data.

        Important note, specified value is not saved to an output file and exists only during the node lifetime.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse through a composite node's collection of child nodes.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // Add two runs and one shape as child nodes to the first paragraph of this document.
        Paragraph paragraph = (Paragraph) doc.getChild(NodeType.PARAGRAPH, 0, true);
        paragraph.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world! "));
        
        Shape shape = new Shape(doc, ShapeType.RECTANGLE);
        shape.setWidth(200.0);
        shape.setHeight(200.0);
        // Note that the 'CustomNodeId' is not saved to an output file and exists only during the node lifetime.
        shape.setCustomNodeId(100);
        shape.setWrapType(WrapType.INLINE);
        paragraph.appendChild(shape);
        
        paragraph.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello again!"));
        
        // Iterate through the paragraph's collection of immediate children,
        // and print any runs or shapes that we find within.
        NodeCollection children = paragraph.getChildNodes();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(3, paragraph.getChildNodes().getCount());
        
        for (Node child : (Iterable<Node>) children)
            switch (child.getNodeType()) {
                case NodeType.RUN:
                    System.out.println("Run contents:");
                    System.out.println("\t\"{child.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                    break;
                case NodeType.SHAPE:
                    Shape childShape = (Shape) child;
                    System.out.println("Shape:");
                    System.out.println("\t{childShape.ShapeType}, {childShape.Width}x{childShape.Height}");
                    break;
            }
      • getDocument

        public DocumentBase getDocument()
        
        Gets the document to which this node belongs.

        The node always belongs to a document even if it has just been created and not yet added to the tree, or if it has been removed from the tree.

        Example:

        Shows how to create a node and set its owning document.
        Document doc = new Document();
        Paragraph para = new Paragraph(doc);
        para.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world!"));
        
        // We have not yet appended this paragraph as a child to any composite node.
        Assert.assertNull(para.getParentNode());
        
        // If a node is an appropriate child node type of another composite node,
        // we can attach it as a child only if both nodes have the same owner document.
        // The owner document is the document we passed to the node's constructor.
        // We have not attached this paragraph to the document, so the document does not contain its text.
        Assert.assertEquals(para.getDocument(), doc);
        Assert.assertEquals("", doc.getText().trim());
        
        // Since the document owns this paragraph, we can apply one of its styles to the paragraph's contents.
        para.getParagraphFormat().setStyleName("Heading 1");
        
        // Add this node to the document, and then verify its contents.
        doc.getFirstSection().getBody().appendChild(para);
        
        Assert.assertEquals(doc.getFirstSection().getBody(), para.getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello world!", doc.getText().trim());
      • getFieldType

        public int getFieldType()
        
        Returns the type of the field. The value of the property is FieldType integer constant.

        Example:

        Shows how to work with a FieldStart node.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        FieldDate field = (FieldDate) builder.insertField(FieldType.FIELD_DATE, true);
        field.getFormat().setDateTimeFormat("dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy");
        field.update();
        
        FieldChar fieldStart = field.getStart();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(FieldType.FIELD_DATE, fieldStart.getFieldType());
        Assert.assertEquals(false, fieldStart.isDirty());
        Assert.assertEquals(false, fieldStart.isLocked());
        
        // Retrieve the facade object which represents the field in the document.
        field = (FieldDate) fieldStart.getField();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(false, field.isLocked());
        Assert.assertEquals(" DATE  \\@ \"dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy\"", field.getFieldCode());
        
        // Update the field to show the current date.
        field.update();
      • getFont

        public Font getFont()
        
        Provides access to the font formatting of this object.

        Example:

        Shows how to construct an Aspose.Words document by hand.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // A blank document contains one section, one body and one paragraph.
        // Call the "RemoveAllChildren" method to remove all those nodes,
        // and end up with a document node with no children.
        doc.removeAllChildren();
        
        // This document now has no composite child nodes that we can add content to.
        // If we wish to edit it, we will need to repopulate its node collection.
        // First, create a new section, and then append it as a child to the root document node.
        Section section = new Section(doc);
        doc.appendChild(section);
        
        // Set some page setup properties for the section.
        section.getPageSetup().setSectionStart(SectionStart.NEW_PAGE);
        section.getPageSetup().setPaperSize(PaperSize.LETTER);
        
        // A section needs a body, which will contain and display all its contents
        // on the page between the section's header and footer.
        Body body = new Body(doc);
        section.appendChild(body);
        
        // Create a paragraph, set some formatting properties, and then append it as a child to the body.
        Paragraph para = new Paragraph(doc);
        
        para.getParagraphFormat().setStyleName("Heading 1");
        para.getParagraphFormat().setAlignment(ParagraphAlignment.CENTER);
        
        body.appendChild(para);
        
        // Finally, add some content to do the document. Create a run,
        // set its appearance and contents, and then append it as a child to the paragraph.
        Run run = new Run(doc);
        run.setText("Hello World!");
        run.getFont().setColor(Color.RED);
        para.appendChild(run);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello World!", doc.getText().trim());
        
        doc.save(getArtifactsDir() + "Section.CreateManually.docx");
      • isComposite

        public boolean isComposite()
        
        Returns true if this node can contain other nodes. This method returns false as Node cannot have child nodes.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse a composite node's tree of child nodes.
        public void recurseChildren() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Paragraphs.docx");
        
            // Any node that can contain child nodes, such as the document itself, is composite.
            Assert.assertTrue(doc.isComposite());
        
            // Invoke the recursive function that will go through and print all the child nodes of a composite node.
            traverseAllNodes(doc, 0);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Recursively traverses a node tree while printing the type of each node
        /// with an indent depending on depth as well as the contents of all inline nodes.
        /// </summary>
        @Test(enabled = false)
        public void traverseAllNodes(CompositeNode parentNode, int depth) {
            for (Node childNode = parentNode.getFirstChild(); childNode != null; childNode = childNode.getNextSibling()) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("{0}{1}", String.format("    ", depth), Node.nodeTypeToString(childNode.getNodeType())));
        
                // Recurse into the node if it is a composite node. Otherwise, print its contents if it is an inline node.
                if (childNode.isComposite()) {
                    System.out.println();
                    traverseAllNodes((CompositeNode) childNode, depth + 1);
                } else if (childNode instanceof Inline) {
                    System.out.println(" - \"{childNode.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                } else {
                    System.out.println();
                }
            }
        }
      • isDeleteRevision

        public boolean isDeleteRevision()
        
        Returns true if this object was deleted in Microsoft Word while change tracking was enabled.

        Example:

        Shows how to determine the revision type of an inline node.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Revision runs.docx");
        
        // When we edit the document while the "Track Changes" option, found in via Review -> Tracking,
        // is turned on in Microsoft Word, the changes we apply count as revisions.
        // When editing a document using Aspose.Words, we can begin tracking revisions by
        // invoking the document's "StartTrackRevisions" method and stop tracking by using the "StopTrackRevisions" method.
        // We can either accept revisions to assimilate them into the document
        // or reject them to change the proposed change effectively.
        Assert.assertEquals(6, doc.getRevisions().getCount());
        
        // The parent node of a revision is the run that the revision concerns. A Run is an Inline node.
        Run run = (Run) doc.getRevisions().get(0).getParentNode();
        
        Paragraph firstParagraph = run.getParentParagraph();
        RunCollection runs = firstParagraph.getRuns();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(runs.getCount(), 6);
        
        // Below are five types of revisions that can flag an Inline node.
        // 1 -  An "insert" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we insert text while tracking changes.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(2).isInsertRevision());
        
        // 2 -  A "format" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we change the formatting of text while tracking changes.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(2).isFormatRevision());
        
        // 3 -  A "move from" revision:
        // When we highlight text in Microsoft Word, and then drag it to a different place in the document
        // while tracking changes, two revisions appear.
        // The "move from" revision is a copy of the text originally before we moved it.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(4).isMoveFromRevision());
        
        // 4 -  A "move to" revision:
        // The "move to" revision is the text that we moved in its new position in the document.
        // "Move from" and "move to" revisions appear in pairs for every move revision we carry out.
        // Accepting a move revision deletes the "move from" revision and its text,
        // and keeps the text from the "move to" revision.
        // Rejecting a move revision conversely keeps the "move from" revision and deletes the "move to" revision.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(1).isMoveToRevision());
        
        // 5 -  A "delete" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we delete text while tracking changes. When we delete text like this,
        // it will stay in the document as a revision until we either accept the revision,
        // which will delete the text for good, or reject the revision, which will keep the text we deleted where it was.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(5).isDeleteRevision());
      • isDirty/isDirty

        public boolean isDirty() / public void isDirty(boolean value)
        
        Gets or sets whether the current result of the field is no longer correct (stale) due to other modifications made to the document.

        Example:

        Shows how to work with a FieldStart node.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        FieldDate field = (FieldDate) builder.insertField(FieldType.FIELD_DATE, true);
        field.getFormat().setDateTimeFormat("dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy");
        field.update();
        
        FieldChar fieldStart = field.getStart();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(FieldType.FIELD_DATE, fieldStart.getFieldType());
        Assert.assertEquals(false, fieldStart.isDirty());
        Assert.assertEquals(false, fieldStart.isLocked());
        
        // Retrieve the facade object which represents the field in the document.
        field = (FieldDate) fieldStart.getField();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(false, field.isLocked());
        Assert.assertEquals(" DATE  \\@ \"dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy\"", field.getFieldCode());
        
        // Update the field to show the current date.
        field.update();
      • isFormatRevision

        public boolean isFormatRevision()
        
        Returns true if formatting of the object was changed in Microsoft Word while change tracking was enabled.

        Example:

        Shows how to determine the revision type of an inline node.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Revision runs.docx");
        
        // When we edit the document while the "Track Changes" option, found in via Review -> Tracking,
        // is turned on in Microsoft Word, the changes we apply count as revisions.
        // When editing a document using Aspose.Words, we can begin tracking revisions by
        // invoking the document's "StartTrackRevisions" method and stop tracking by using the "StopTrackRevisions" method.
        // We can either accept revisions to assimilate them into the document
        // or reject them to change the proposed change effectively.
        Assert.assertEquals(6, doc.getRevisions().getCount());
        
        // The parent node of a revision is the run that the revision concerns. A Run is an Inline node.
        Run run = (Run) doc.getRevisions().get(0).getParentNode();
        
        Paragraph firstParagraph = run.getParentParagraph();
        RunCollection runs = firstParagraph.getRuns();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(runs.getCount(), 6);
        
        // Below are five types of revisions that can flag an Inline node.
        // 1 -  An "insert" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we insert text while tracking changes.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(2).isInsertRevision());
        
        // 2 -  A "format" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we change the formatting of text while tracking changes.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(2).isFormatRevision());
        
        // 3 -  A "move from" revision:
        // When we highlight text in Microsoft Word, and then drag it to a different place in the document
        // while tracking changes, two revisions appear.
        // The "move from" revision is a copy of the text originally before we moved it.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(4).isMoveFromRevision());
        
        // 4 -  A "move to" revision:
        // The "move to" revision is the text that we moved in its new position in the document.
        // "Move from" and "move to" revisions appear in pairs for every move revision we carry out.
        // Accepting a move revision deletes the "move from" revision and its text,
        // and keeps the text from the "move to" revision.
        // Rejecting a move revision conversely keeps the "move from" revision and deletes the "move to" revision.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(1).isMoveToRevision());
        
        // 5 -  A "delete" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we delete text while tracking changes. When we delete text like this,
        // it will stay in the document as a revision until we either accept the revision,
        // which will delete the text for good, or reject the revision, which will keep the text we deleted where it was.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(5).isDeleteRevision());
      • isInsertRevision

        public boolean isInsertRevision()
        
        Returns true if this object was inserted in Microsoft Word while change tracking was enabled.

        Example:

        Shows how to determine the revision type of an inline node.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Revision runs.docx");
        
        // When we edit the document while the "Track Changes" option, found in via Review -> Tracking,
        // is turned on in Microsoft Word, the changes we apply count as revisions.
        // When editing a document using Aspose.Words, we can begin tracking revisions by
        // invoking the document's "StartTrackRevisions" method and stop tracking by using the "StopTrackRevisions" method.
        // We can either accept revisions to assimilate them into the document
        // or reject them to change the proposed change effectively.
        Assert.assertEquals(6, doc.getRevisions().getCount());
        
        // The parent node of a revision is the run that the revision concerns. A Run is an Inline node.
        Run run = (Run) doc.getRevisions().get(0).getParentNode();
        
        Paragraph firstParagraph = run.getParentParagraph();
        RunCollection runs = firstParagraph.getRuns();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(runs.getCount(), 6);
        
        // Below are five types of revisions that can flag an Inline node.
        // 1 -  An "insert" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we insert text while tracking changes.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(2).isInsertRevision());
        
        // 2 -  A "format" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we change the formatting of text while tracking changes.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(2).isFormatRevision());
        
        // 3 -  A "move from" revision:
        // When we highlight text in Microsoft Word, and then drag it to a different place in the document
        // while tracking changes, two revisions appear.
        // The "move from" revision is a copy of the text originally before we moved it.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(4).isMoveFromRevision());
        
        // 4 -  A "move to" revision:
        // The "move to" revision is the text that we moved in its new position in the document.
        // "Move from" and "move to" revisions appear in pairs for every move revision we carry out.
        // Accepting a move revision deletes the "move from" revision and its text,
        // and keeps the text from the "move to" revision.
        // Rejecting a move revision conversely keeps the "move from" revision and deletes the "move to" revision.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(1).isMoveToRevision());
        
        // 5 -  A "delete" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we delete text while tracking changes. When we delete text like this,
        // it will stay in the document as a revision until we either accept the revision,
        // which will delete the text for good, or reject the revision, which will keep the text we deleted where it was.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(5).isDeleteRevision());
      • isLocked/isLocked

        public boolean isLocked() / public void isLocked(boolean value)
        
        Gets or sets whether the parent field is locked (should not recalculate its result).

        Example:

        Shows how to work with a FieldStart node.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        FieldDate field = (FieldDate) builder.insertField(FieldType.FIELD_DATE, true);
        field.getFormat().setDateTimeFormat("dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy");
        field.update();
        
        FieldChar fieldStart = field.getStart();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(FieldType.FIELD_DATE, fieldStart.getFieldType());
        Assert.assertEquals(false, fieldStart.isDirty());
        Assert.assertEquals(false, fieldStart.isLocked());
        
        // Retrieve the facade object which represents the field in the document.
        field = (FieldDate) fieldStart.getField();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(false, field.isLocked());
        Assert.assertEquals(" DATE  \\@ \"dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy\"", field.getFieldCode());
        
        // Update the field to show the current date.
        field.update();
      • isMoveFromRevision

        public boolean isMoveFromRevision()
        
        Returns true if this object was moved (deleted) in Microsoft Word while change tracking was enabled.

        Example:

        Shows how to determine the revision type of an inline node.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Revision runs.docx");
        
        // When we edit the document while the "Track Changes" option, found in via Review -> Tracking,
        // is turned on in Microsoft Word, the changes we apply count as revisions.
        // When editing a document using Aspose.Words, we can begin tracking revisions by
        // invoking the document's "StartTrackRevisions" method and stop tracking by using the "StopTrackRevisions" method.
        // We can either accept revisions to assimilate them into the document
        // or reject them to change the proposed change effectively.
        Assert.assertEquals(6, doc.getRevisions().getCount());
        
        // The parent node of a revision is the run that the revision concerns. A Run is an Inline node.
        Run run = (Run) doc.getRevisions().get(0).getParentNode();
        
        Paragraph firstParagraph = run.getParentParagraph();
        RunCollection runs = firstParagraph.getRuns();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(runs.getCount(), 6);
        
        // Below are five types of revisions that can flag an Inline node.
        // 1 -  An "insert" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we insert text while tracking changes.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(2).isInsertRevision());
        
        // 2 -  A "format" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we change the formatting of text while tracking changes.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(2).isFormatRevision());
        
        // 3 -  A "move from" revision:
        // When we highlight text in Microsoft Word, and then drag it to a different place in the document
        // while tracking changes, two revisions appear.
        // The "move from" revision is a copy of the text originally before we moved it.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(4).isMoveFromRevision());
        
        // 4 -  A "move to" revision:
        // The "move to" revision is the text that we moved in its new position in the document.
        // "Move from" and "move to" revisions appear in pairs for every move revision we carry out.
        // Accepting a move revision deletes the "move from" revision and its text,
        // and keeps the text from the "move to" revision.
        // Rejecting a move revision conversely keeps the "move from" revision and deletes the "move to" revision.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(1).isMoveToRevision());
        
        // 5 -  A "delete" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we delete text while tracking changes. When we delete text like this,
        // it will stay in the document as a revision until we either accept the revision,
        // which will delete the text for good, or reject the revision, which will keep the text we deleted where it was.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(5).isDeleteRevision());
      • isMoveToRevision

        public boolean isMoveToRevision()
        
        Returns true if this object was moved (inserted) in Microsoft Word while change tracking was enabled.

        Example:

        Shows how to determine the revision type of an inline node.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Revision runs.docx");
        
        // When we edit the document while the "Track Changes" option, found in via Review -> Tracking,
        // is turned on in Microsoft Word, the changes we apply count as revisions.
        // When editing a document using Aspose.Words, we can begin tracking revisions by
        // invoking the document's "StartTrackRevisions" method and stop tracking by using the "StopTrackRevisions" method.
        // We can either accept revisions to assimilate them into the document
        // or reject them to change the proposed change effectively.
        Assert.assertEquals(6, doc.getRevisions().getCount());
        
        // The parent node of a revision is the run that the revision concerns. A Run is an Inline node.
        Run run = (Run) doc.getRevisions().get(0).getParentNode();
        
        Paragraph firstParagraph = run.getParentParagraph();
        RunCollection runs = firstParagraph.getRuns();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(runs.getCount(), 6);
        
        // Below are five types of revisions that can flag an Inline node.
        // 1 -  An "insert" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we insert text while tracking changes.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(2).isInsertRevision());
        
        // 2 -  A "format" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we change the formatting of text while tracking changes.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(2).isFormatRevision());
        
        // 3 -  A "move from" revision:
        // When we highlight text in Microsoft Word, and then drag it to a different place in the document
        // while tracking changes, two revisions appear.
        // The "move from" revision is a copy of the text originally before we moved it.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(4).isMoveFromRevision());
        
        // 4 -  A "move to" revision:
        // The "move to" revision is the text that we moved in its new position in the document.
        // "Move from" and "move to" revisions appear in pairs for every move revision we carry out.
        // Accepting a move revision deletes the "move from" revision and its text,
        // and keeps the text from the "move to" revision.
        // Rejecting a move revision conversely keeps the "move from" revision and deletes the "move to" revision.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(1).isMoveToRevision());
        
        // 5 -  A "delete" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we delete text while tracking changes. When we delete text like this,
        // it will stay in the document as a revision until we either accept the revision,
        // which will delete the text for good, or reject the revision, which will keep the text we deleted where it was.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(5).isDeleteRevision());
      • getNextSibling

        public Node getNextSibling()
        
        Gets the node immediately following this node. If there is no next node, a null is returned.

        Example:

        Shows how to use a node's NextSibling property to enumerate through its immediate children.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Paragraphs.docx");
        
        for (Node node = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstChild(); node != null; node = node.getNextSibling()) {
            System.out.println(Node.nodeTypeToString(node.getNodeType()));
        }

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse a composite node's tree of child nodes.
        public void recurseChildren() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Paragraphs.docx");
        
            // Any node that can contain child nodes, such as the document itself, is composite.
            Assert.assertTrue(doc.isComposite());
        
            // Invoke the recursive function that will go through and print all the child nodes of a composite node.
            traverseAllNodes(doc, 0);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Recursively traverses a node tree while printing the type of each node
        /// with an indent depending on depth as well as the contents of all inline nodes.
        /// </summary>
        @Test(enabled = false)
        public void traverseAllNodes(CompositeNode parentNode, int depth) {
            for (Node childNode = parentNode.getFirstChild(); childNode != null; childNode = childNode.getNextSibling()) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("{0}{1}", String.format("    ", depth), Node.nodeTypeToString(childNode.getNodeType())));
        
                // Recurse into the node if it is a composite node. Otherwise, print its contents if it is an inline node.
                if (childNode.isComposite()) {
                    System.out.println();
                    traverseAllNodes((CompositeNode) childNode, depth + 1);
                } else if (childNode instanceof Inline) {
                    System.out.println(" - \"{childNode.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                } else {
                    System.out.println();
                }
            }
        }
      • getNodeType

        public int getNodeType()
        
        Returns NodeType.FIELD_START. The value of the property is NodeType integer constant.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse a composite node's tree of child nodes.
        public void recurseChildren() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Paragraphs.docx");
        
            // Any node that can contain child nodes, such as the document itself, is composite.
            Assert.assertTrue(doc.isComposite());
        
            // Invoke the recursive function that will go through and print all the child nodes of a composite node.
            traverseAllNodes(doc, 0);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Recursively traverses a node tree while printing the type of each node
        /// with an indent depending on depth as well as the contents of all inline nodes.
        /// </summary>
        @Test(enabled = false)
        public void traverseAllNodes(CompositeNode parentNode, int depth) {
            for (Node childNode = parentNode.getFirstChild(); childNode != null; childNode = childNode.getNextSibling()) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("{0}{1}", String.format("    ", depth), Node.nodeTypeToString(childNode.getNodeType())));
        
                // Recurse into the node if it is a composite node. Otherwise, print its contents if it is an inline node.
                if (childNode.isComposite()) {
                    System.out.println();
                    traverseAllNodes((CompositeNode) childNode, depth + 1);
                } else if (childNode instanceof Inline) {
                    System.out.println(" - \"{childNode.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                } else {
                    System.out.println();
                }
            }
        }
      • getParentNode

        public CompositeNode getParentNode()
        
        Gets the immediate parent of this node.

        If a node has just been created and not yet added to the tree, or if it has been removed from the tree, the parent is null.

        Example:

        Shows how to access a node's parent node.
        Document doc = new Document();
        Paragraph para = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstParagraph();
        
        // Append a child Run node to the document's first paragraph.
        Run run = new Run(doc, "Hello world!");
        para.appendChild(run);
        
        // The paragraph is the parent node of the run node. We can trace this lineage
        // all the way to the document node, which is the root of the document's node tree.
        Assert.assertEquals(para, run.getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals(doc.getFirstSection().getBody(), para.getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals(doc.getFirstSection(), doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals(doc, doc.getFirstSection().getParentNode());

        Example:

        Shows how to create a node and set its owning document.
        Document doc = new Document();
        Paragraph para = new Paragraph(doc);
        para.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world!"));
        
        // We have not yet appended this paragraph as a child to any composite node.
        Assert.assertNull(para.getParentNode());
        
        // If a node is an appropriate child node type of another composite node,
        // we can attach it as a child only if both nodes have the same owner document.
        // The owner document is the document we passed to the node's constructor.
        // We have not attached this paragraph to the document, so the document does not contain its text.
        Assert.assertEquals(para.getDocument(), doc);
        Assert.assertEquals("", doc.getText().trim());
        
        // Since the document owns this paragraph, we can apply one of its styles to the paragraph's contents.
        para.getParagraphFormat().setStyleName("Heading 1");
        
        // Add this node to the document, and then verify its contents.
        doc.getFirstSection().getBody().appendChild(para);
        
        Assert.assertEquals(doc.getFirstSection().getBody(), para.getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello world!", doc.getText().trim());
      • getParentParagraph

        public Paragraph getParentParagraph()
        
        Retrieves the parent Paragraph of this node.

        Example:

        Shows how to determine the revision type of an inline node.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Revision runs.docx");
        
        // When we edit the document while the "Track Changes" option, found in via Review -> Tracking,
        // is turned on in Microsoft Word, the changes we apply count as revisions.
        // When editing a document using Aspose.Words, we can begin tracking revisions by
        // invoking the document's "StartTrackRevisions" method and stop tracking by using the "StopTrackRevisions" method.
        // We can either accept revisions to assimilate them into the document
        // or reject them to change the proposed change effectively.
        Assert.assertEquals(6, doc.getRevisions().getCount());
        
        // The parent node of a revision is the run that the revision concerns. A Run is an Inline node.
        Run run = (Run) doc.getRevisions().get(0).getParentNode();
        
        Paragraph firstParagraph = run.getParentParagraph();
        RunCollection runs = firstParagraph.getRuns();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(runs.getCount(), 6);
        
        // Below are five types of revisions that can flag an Inline node.
        // 1 -  An "insert" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we insert text while tracking changes.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(2).isInsertRevision());
        
        // 2 -  A "format" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we change the formatting of text while tracking changes.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(2).isFormatRevision());
        
        // 3 -  A "move from" revision:
        // When we highlight text in Microsoft Word, and then drag it to a different place in the document
        // while tracking changes, two revisions appear.
        // The "move from" revision is a copy of the text originally before we moved it.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(4).isMoveFromRevision());
        
        // 4 -  A "move to" revision:
        // The "move to" revision is the text that we moved in its new position in the document.
        // "Move from" and "move to" revisions appear in pairs for every move revision we carry out.
        // Accepting a move revision deletes the "move from" revision and its text,
        // and keeps the text from the "move to" revision.
        // Rejecting a move revision conversely keeps the "move from" revision and deletes the "move to" revision.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(1).isMoveToRevision());
        
        // 5 -  A "delete" revision:
        // This revision occurs when we delete text while tracking changes. When we delete text like this,
        // it will stay in the document as a revision until we either accept the revision,
        // which will delete the text for good, or reject the revision, which will keep the text we deleted where it was.
        Assert.assertTrue(runs.get(5).isDeleteRevision());
      • getPreviousSibling

        public Node getPreviousSibling()
        
        Gets the node immediately preceding this node. If there is no preceding node, a null is returned.

        Example:

        Shows how to use of methods of Node and CompositeNode to remove a section before the last section in the document.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        builder.writeln("Section 1 text.");
        builder.insertBreak(BreakType.SECTION_BREAK_CONTINUOUS);
        builder.writeln("Section 2 text.");
        
        // Both sections are siblings of each other.
        Section lastSection = (Section) doc.getLastChild();
        Section firstSection = (Section) lastSection.getPreviousSibling();
        
        // Remove a section based on its sibling relationship with another section.
        if (lastSection.getPreviousSibling() != null)
            doc.removeChild(firstSection);
        
        // The section we removed was the first one, leaving the document with only the second.
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 2 text.", doc.getText().trim());
      • getRange

        public Range getRange()
        
        Returns a Range object that represents the portion of a document that is contained in this node.

        Example:

        Shows how to delete all the nodes from a range.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        // Add text to the first section in the document, and then add another section.
        builder.write("Section 1. ");
        builder.insertBreak(BreakType.SECTION_BREAK_CONTINUOUS);
        builder.write("Section 2.");
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 1. \fSection 2.", doc.getText().trim());
        
        // Remove the first section entirely by removing all the nodes
        // within its range, including the section itself.
        doc.getSections().get(0).getRange().delete();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(1, doc.getSections().getCount());
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 2.", doc.getText().trim());
    • Method Detail

      • accept

        public boolean accept(DocumentVisitor visitor)
                      throws java.lang.Exception
        Accepts a visitor.

        Calls DocumentVisitor.visitFieldStart(com.aspose.words.FieldStart).

        For more info see the Visitor design pattern.

        Parameters:
        visitor - The visitor that will visit the node.
        Returns:
        False if the visitor requested the enumeration to stop.

        Example:

        Shows how to work with a collection of fields.
        public void fieldCollection() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document();
            DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
            builder.insertField(" DATE \\@ \"dddd, d MMMM yyyy\" ");
            builder.insertField(" TIME ");
            builder.insertField(" REVNUM ");
            builder.insertField(" AUTHOR  \"John Doe\" ");
            builder.insertField(" SUBJECT \"My Subject\" ");
            builder.insertField(" QUOTE \"Hello world!\" ");
            doc.updateFields();
        
            FieldCollection fields = doc.getRange().getFields();
        
            Assert.assertEquals(6, fields.getCount());
        
            // Iterate over the field collection, and print contents and type
            // of every field using a custom visitor implementation.
            FieldVisitor fieldVisitor = new FieldVisitor();
        
            Iterator<Field> fieldEnumerator = fields.iterator();
        
            while (fieldEnumerator.hasNext()) {
                if (fieldEnumerator != null) {
                    Field currentField = fieldEnumerator.next();
        
                    currentField.getStart().accept(fieldVisitor);
                    if (currentField.getSeparator() != null) {
                        currentField.getSeparator().accept(fieldVisitor);
                    }
                    currentField.getEnd().accept(fieldVisitor);
                } else {
                    System.out.println("There are no fields in the document.");
                }
            }
        
            System.out.println(fieldVisitor.getText());
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Document visitor implementation that prints field info.
        /// </summary>
        public static class FieldVisitor extends DocumentVisitor {
            public FieldVisitor() {
                mBuilder = new StringBuilder();
            }
        
            /// <summary>
            /// Gets the plain text of the document that was accumulated by the visitor.
            /// </summary>
            public String getText() {
                return mBuilder.toString();
            }
        
            /// <summary>
            /// Called when a FieldStart node is encountered in the document.
            /// </summary>
            public int visitFieldStart(final FieldStart fieldStart) {
                mBuilder.append("Found field: " + fieldStart.getFieldType() + "\r\n");
                mBuilder.append("\tField code: " + fieldStart.getField().getFieldCode() + "\r\n");
                mBuilder.append("\tDisplayed as: " + fieldStart.getField().getResult() + "\r\n");
        
                return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
            }
        
            /// <summary>
            /// Called when a FieldSeparator node is encountered in the document.
            /// </summary>
            public int visitFieldSeparator(final FieldSeparator fieldSeparator) {
                mBuilder.append("\tFound separator: " + fieldSeparator.getText() + "\r\n");
        
                return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
            }
        
            /// <summary>
            /// Called when a FieldEnd node is encountered in the document.
            /// </summary>
            public int visitFieldEnd(final FieldEnd fieldEnd) {
                mBuilder.append("End of field: " + fieldEnd.getFieldType() + "\r\n");
        
                return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
            }
        
            private final /*final*/ StringBuilder mBuilder;
        }
      • deepClone

        public Node deepClone(boolean isCloneChildren)
        Creates a duplicate of the node.

        This method serves as a copy constructor for nodes. The cloned node has no parent, but belongs to the same document as the original node.

        This method always performs a deep copy of the node. The isCloneChildren parameter specifies whether to perform copy all child nodes as well.

        Parameters:
        isCloneChildren - True to recursively clone the subtree under the specified node; false to clone only the node itself.
        Returns:
        The cloned node.

        Example:

        Shows how to clone a composite node.
        Document doc = new Document();
        Paragraph para = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstParagraph();
        para.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world!"));
        
        // Below are two ways of cloning a composite node.
        // 1 -  Create a clone of a node, and create a clone of each of its child nodes as well.
        Node cloneWithChildren = para.deepClone(true);
        
        Assert.assertTrue(((CompositeNode) cloneWithChildren).hasChildNodes());
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello world!", cloneWithChildren.getText().trim());
        
        // 2 -  Create a clone of a node just by itself without any children.
        Node cloneWithoutChildren = para.deepClone(false);
        
        Assert.assertFalse(((CompositeNode) cloneWithoutChildren).hasChildNodes());
        Assert.assertEquals("", cloneWithoutChildren.getText().trim());
      • getAncestor

        public CompositeNode getAncestor(int ancestorType)
        Gets the first ancestor of the specified NodeType.
        Parameters:
        ancestorType - A NodeType value. The node type of the ancestor to retrieve.
        Returns:
        The ancestor of the specified type or null if no ancestor of this type was found.

        Example:

        Shows how to find out if a tables are nested.
        public void calculateDepthOfNestedTables() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Nested tables.docx");
            NodeCollection tables = doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.TABLE, true);
        
            for (int i = 0; i < tables.getCount(); i++) {
                Table table = (Table) tables.get(i);
        
                // Find out if any cells in the table have other tables as children.
                int count = getChildTableCount(table);
                System.out.print(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} has {1} tables directly within its cells", i, count));
        
                // Find out if the table is nested inside another table, and, if so, at what depth.
                int tableDepth = getNestedDepthOfTable(table);
        
                if (tableDepth > 0)
                    System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} is nested inside another table at depth of {1}", i, tableDepth));
                else
                    System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} is a non nested table (is not a child of another table)", i));
            }
        }
        
        /**
         * Calculates what level a table is nested inside other tables.
         *
         * @returns An integer containing the level the table is nested at.
         * 0 = Table is not nested inside any other table
         * 1 = Table is nested within one parent table
         * 2 = Table is nested within two parent tables etc..
         */
        private static int getNestedDepthOfTable(final Table table) {
            int depth = 0;
            Node parent = table.getAncestor(table.getNodeType());
        
            while (parent != null) {
                depth++;
                parent = parent.getAncestor(Table.class);
            }
        
            return depth;
        }
        
        /**
         * Determines if a table contains any immediate child table within its cells.
         * Does not recursively traverse through those tables to check for further tables.
         *
         * @returns Returns true if at least one child cell contains a table.
         * Returns false if no cells in the table contains a table.
         */
        private static int getChildTableCount(final Table table) {
            int childTableCount = 0;
        
            for (Row row : table.getRows()) {
                for (Cell cell : row.getCells()) {
                    TableCollection childTables = cell.getTables();
        
                    if (childTables.getCount() > 0) childTableCount++;
                }
            }
        
            return childTableCount;
        }
      • getAncestor

        public CompositeNode getAncestor(java.lang.Class ancestorType)
        Gets the first ancestor of the specified object type.

        The ancestor type matches if it is equal to ancestorType or derived from ancestorType.

        Parameters:
        ancestorType - The object type of the ancestor to retrieve.
        Returns:
        The ancestor of the specified type or null if no ancestor of this type was found.

        Example:

        Shows how to find out if a tables are nested.
        public void calculateDepthOfNestedTables() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Nested tables.docx");
            NodeCollection tables = doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.TABLE, true);
        
            for (int i = 0; i < tables.getCount(); i++) {
                Table table = (Table) tables.get(i);
        
                // Find out if any cells in the table have other tables as children.
                int count = getChildTableCount(table);
                System.out.print(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} has {1} tables directly within its cells", i, count));
        
                // Find out if the table is nested inside another table, and, if so, at what depth.
                int tableDepth = getNestedDepthOfTable(table);
        
                if (tableDepth > 0)
                    System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} is nested inside another table at depth of {1}", i, tableDepth));
                else
                    System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} is a non nested table (is not a child of another table)", i));
            }
        }
        
        /**
         * Calculates what level a table is nested inside other tables.
         *
         * @returns An integer containing the level the table is nested at.
         * 0 = Table is not nested inside any other table
         * 1 = Table is nested within one parent table
         * 2 = Table is nested within two parent tables etc..
         */
        private static int getNestedDepthOfTable(final Table table) {
            int depth = 0;
            Node parent = table.getAncestor(table.getNodeType());
        
            while (parent != null) {
                depth++;
                parent = parent.getAncestor(Table.class);
            }
        
            return depth;
        }
        
        /**
         * Determines if a table contains any immediate child table within its cells.
         * Does not recursively traverse through those tables to check for further tables.
         *
         * @returns Returns true if at least one child cell contains a table.
         * Returns false if no cells in the table contains a table.
         */
        private static int getChildTableCount(final Table table) {
            int childTableCount = 0;
        
            for (Row row : table.getRows()) {
                for (Cell cell : row.getCells()) {
                    TableCollection childTables = cell.getTables();
        
                    if (childTables.getCount() > 0) childTableCount++;
                }
            }
        
            return childTableCount;
        }
      • getField

        public Field getField()
        Returns a field for the field char. A new Field object is created each time the method is called.
        Returns:
        A field for the field char.

        Example:

        Shows how to work with a FieldStart node.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        FieldDate field = (FieldDate) builder.insertField(FieldType.FIELD_DATE, true);
        field.getFormat().setDateTimeFormat("dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy");
        field.update();
        
        FieldChar fieldStart = field.getStart();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(FieldType.FIELD_DATE, fieldStart.getFieldType());
        Assert.assertEquals(false, fieldStart.isDirty());
        Assert.assertEquals(false, fieldStart.isLocked());
        
        // Retrieve the facade object which represents the field in the document.
        field = (FieldDate) fieldStart.getField();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(false, field.isLocked());
        Assert.assertEquals(" DATE  \\@ \"dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy\"", field.getFieldCode());
        
        // Update the field to show the current date.
        field.update();
      • getText

        public java.lang.String getText()
        Gets the special character that this node represents.
        Returns:
        The string that contains the character that this node represents.
      • nextPreOrder

        public Node nextPreOrder(Node rootNode)
        Gets next node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
        Parameters:
        rootNode - The top node (limit) of traversal.
        Returns:
        Next node in pre-order order. Null if reached the rootNode.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse the document's node tree using the pre-order traversal algorithm, and delete any encountered shape with an image.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Images.docx");
        ArrayList<Shape> shapes = (ArrayList<Shape>) IterableUtils.toList(doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true));
        
        Assert.assertEquals(9, IterableUtils.countMatches(shapes, s -> {
            try {
                return s.hasImage();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            return false;
        }));
        
        Node curNode = doc;
        while (curNode != null) {
            Node nextNode = curNode.nextPreOrder(doc);
        
            if (curNode.previousPreOrder(doc) != null && nextNode != null)
                Assert.assertEquals(curNode, nextNode.previousPreOrder(doc));
        
            if (curNode.getNodeType() == NodeType.SHAPE && ((Shape) curNode).hasImage())
                curNode.remove();
        
            curNode = nextNode;
        }
        
        shapes = (ArrayList<Shape>) IterableUtils.toList(doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true));
        
        Assert.assertEquals(0, IterableUtils.countMatches(shapes, s -> {
            try {
                return s.hasImage();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            return false;
        }));
      • previousPreOrder

        public Node previousPreOrder(Node rootNode)
        Gets the previous node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
        Parameters:
        rootNode - The top node (limit) of traversal.
        Returns:
        Previous node in pre-order order. Null if reached the rootNode.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse the document's node tree using the pre-order traversal algorithm, and delete any encountered shape with an image.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Images.docx");
        ArrayList<Shape> shapes = (ArrayList<Shape>) IterableUtils.toList(doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true));
        
        Assert.assertEquals(9, IterableUtils.countMatches(shapes, s -> {
            try {
                return s.hasImage();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            return false;
        }));
        
        Node curNode = doc;
        while (curNode != null) {
            Node nextNode = curNode.nextPreOrder(doc);
        
            if (curNode.previousPreOrder(doc) != null && nextNode != null)
                Assert.assertEquals(curNode, nextNode.previousPreOrder(doc));
        
            if (curNode.getNodeType() == NodeType.SHAPE && ((Shape) curNode).hasImage())
                curNode.remove();
        
            curNode = nextNode;
        }
        
        shapes = (ArrayList<Shape>) IterableUtils.toList(doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true));
        
        Assert.assertEquals(0, IterableUtils.countMatches(shapes, s -> {
            try {
                return s.hasImage();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            return false;
        }));
      • remove

        public void remove()
        Removes itself from the parent.

        Example:

        Shows how to delete all shapes with images from a document.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Images.docx");
        ArrayList<Shape> shapes = (ArrayList<Shape>) IterableUtils.toList(doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true));
        
        Assert.assertEquals(9, IterableUtils.countMatches(shapes, s -> {
            try {
                return s.hasImage();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            return false;
        }));
        
        for (Shape shape : shapes)
            if (shape.hasImage())
                shape.remove();
        
        shapes = (ArrayList<Shape>) IterableUtils.toList(doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true));
        
        Assert.assertEquals(0, IterableUtils.countMatches(shapes, s -> {
            try {
                return s.hasImage();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            return false;
        }));

        Example:

        Shows how to remove all child nodes of a specific type from a composite node.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Tables.docx");
        
        Assert.assertEquals(2, doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.TABLE, true).getCount());
        
        Node curNode = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstChild();
        
        while (curNode != null) {
            // Save the next sibling node as a variable in case we want to move to it after deleting this node.
            Node nextNode = curNode.getNextSibling();
        
            // A section body can contain Paragraph and Table nodes.
            // If the node is a Table, remove it from the parent.
            if (curNode.getNodeType() == NodeType.TABLE) {
                curNode.remove();
            }
        
            curNode = nextNode;
        }
        
        Assert.assertEquals(0, doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.TABLE, true).getCount());
      • toString

        public java.lang.String toString(SaveOptions saveOptions)
                       throws java.lang.Exception
        Exports the content of the node into a string using the specified save options.
        Parameters:
        saveOptions - Specifies the options that control how the node is saved.
        Returns:
        The content of the node in the specified format.

        Example:

        Exports the content of a node to String in HTML format.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Document.docx");
        
        Node node = doc.getLastSection().getBody().getLastParagraph();
        
        // When we call the ToString method using the html SaveFormat overload,
        // it converts the node's contents to their raw html representation.
        Assert.assertEquals("<p style=\"margin-top:0pt; margin-bottom:8pt; line-height:108%; font-size:12pt\">" +
                "<span style=\"font-family:'Times New Roman'\">Hello World!</span>" +
                "</p>", node.toString(SaveFormat.HTML));
        
        // We can also modify the result of this conversion using a SaveOptions object.
        HtmlSaveOptions saveOptions = new HtmlSaveOptions();
        saveOptions.setExportRelativeFontSize(true);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("<p style=\"margin-top:0pt; margin-bottom:8pt; line-height:108%\">" +
                "<span style=\"font-family:'Times New Roman'\">Hello World!</span>" +
                "</p>", node.toString(saveOptions));
      • toString

        public java.lang.String toString(int saveFormat)
                       throws java.lang.Exception
        Exports the content of the node into a string in the specified format.
        Returns:
        The content of the node in the specified format.
        Parameters:
        saveFormat - A SaveFormat value.

        Example:

        Shows how to extract the list labels of all paragraphs that are list items.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Rendering.docx");
        doc.updateListLabels();
        int listParaCount = 1;
        
        for (Paragraph paragraph : (Iterable<Paragraph>) doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.PARAGRAPH, true)) {
            // Find if we have the paragraph list. In our document, our list uses plain Arabic numbers,
            // which start at three and ends at six.
            if (paragraph.getListFormat().isListItem()) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("List item paragraph #{0}", listParaCount));
        
                // This is the text we get when getting when we output this node to text format.
                // This text output will omit list labels. Trim any paragraph formatting characters. 
                String paragraphText = paragraph.toString(SaveFormat.TEXT).trim();
                System.out.println("Exported Text: " + paragraphText);
        
                ListLabel label = paragraph.getListLabel();
        
                // This gets the position of the paragraph in the current level of the list. If we have a list with multiple levels,
                // this will tell us what position it is on that level.
                System.out.println("\tNumerical Id: {label.LabelValue}");
        
                // Combine them together to include the list label with the text in the output.
                System.out.println("\tList label combined with text: {label.LabelString} {paragraphText}");
            }

        Example:

        Exports the content of a node to String in HTML format.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Document.docx");
        
        Node node = doc.getLastSection().getBody().getLastParagraph();
        
        // When we call the ToString method using the html SaveFormat overload,
        // it converts the node's contents to their raw html representation.
        Assert.assertEquals("<p style=\"margin-top:0pt; margin-bottom:8pt; line-height:108%; font-size:12pt\">" +
                "<span style=\"font-family:'Times New Roman'\">Hello World!</span>" +
                "</p>", node.toString(SaveFormat.HTML));
        
        // We can also modify the result of this conversion using a SaveOptions object.
        HtmlSaveOptions saveOptions = new HtmlSaveOptions();
        saveOptions.setExportRelativeFontSize(true);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("<p style=\"margin-top:0pt; margin-bottom:8pt; line-height:108%\">" +
                "<span style=\"font-family:'Times New Roman'\">Hello World!</span>" +
                "</p>", node.toString(saveOptions));

        Example:

        Shows the difference between calling the GetText and ToString methods on a node.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        builder.insertField("MERGEFIELD Field");
        
        // GetText will retrieve the visible text as well as field codes and special characters.
        Assert.assertEquals("\u0013MERGEFIELD Field\u0014«Field»\u0015\f", doc.getText());
        
        // ToString will give us the document's appearance if saved to a passed save format.
        Assert.assertEquals("«Field»\r\n", doc.toString(SaveFormat.TEXT));