com.aspose.words

Class BookmarkStart

  • java.lang.Object
    • Node
      • com.aspose.words.BookmarkStart
  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    java.lang.Cloneable
    public class BookmarkStart 
    extends Node

Represents a start of a bookmark in a Word document.

A complete bookmark in a Word document consists of a BookmarkStart and a matching BookmarkEnd with the same bookmark name.

BookmarkStart and BookmarkEnd are just markers inside a document that specify where the bookmark starts and ends.

Use the Bookmark class as a "facade" to work with a bookmark as a single object.

Example:

Shows how to add bookmarks and update their contents.
public void createUpdateAndPrintBookmarks() throws Exception {
    // Create a document with three bookmarks, then use a custom document visitor implementation to print their contents.
    Document doc = createDocumentWithBookmarks(3);
    BookmarkCollection bookmarks = doc.getRange().getBookmarks();

    printAllBookmarkInfo(bookmarks);

    // Bookmarks can be accessed in the bookmark collection by index or name, and their names can be updated.
    bookmarks.get(0).setName("{bookmarks[0].Name}_NewName");
    bookmarks.get("MyBookmark_2").setText("Updated text contents of {bookmarks[1].Name}");

    // Print all bookmarks again to see updated values.
    printAllBookmarkInfo(bookmarks);
}

/// <summary>
/// Create a document with a given number of bookmarks.
/// </summary>
private static Document createDocumentWithBookmarks(int numberOfBookmarks) throws Exception {
    Document doc = new Document();
    DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);

    for (int i = 1; i <= numberOfBookmarks; i++) {
        String bookmarkName = "MyBookmark_" + i;

        builder.write("Text before bookmark.");
        builder.startBookmark(bookmarkName);
        builder.write(MessageFormat.format("Text inside {0}.", bookmarkName));
        builder.endBookmark(bookmarkName);
        builder.writeln("Text after bookmark.");
    }

    return doc;
}

/// <summary>
/// Use an iterator and a visitor to print info of every bookmark in the collection.
/// </summary>
private static void printAllBookmarkInfo(BookmarkCollection bookmarks) throws Exception {
    BookmarkInfoPrinter bookmarkVisitor = new BookmarkInfoPrinter();

    // Get each bookmark in the collection to accept a visitor that will print its contents.
    Iterator<Bookmark> enumerator = bookmarks.iterator();

    while (enumerator.hasNext()) {
        Bookmark currentBookmark = enumerator.next();

        if (currentBookmark != null) {
            currentBookmark.getBookmarkStart().accept(bookmarkVisitor);
            currentBookmark.getBookmarkEnd().accept(bookmarkVisitor);

            System.out.println(currentBookmark.getBookmarkStart().getText());
        }
    }
}

/// <summary>
/// Prints contents of every visited bookmark to the console.
/// </summary>
public static class BookmarkInfoPrinter extends DocumentVisitor {
    public int visitBookmarkStart(BookmarkStart bookmarkStart) throws Exception {
        System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("BookmarkStart name: \"{0}\", Content: \"{1}\"", bookmarkStart.getName(),
                bookmarkStart.getBookmark().getText()));
        return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
    }

    public int visitBookmarkEnd(BookmarkEnd bookmarkEnd) {
        System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("BookmarkEnd name: \"{0}\"", bookmarkEnd.getName()));
        return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
    }
}

Constructor Summary
BookmarkStart(DocumentBase doc, java.lang.Stringname)
Initializes a new instance of the BookmarkStart class.
 
Property Getters/Setters Summary
BookmarkgetBookmark()
Gets the facade object that encapsulates this bookmark start and end.
intgetCustomNodeId()
void
setCustomNodeId(intvalue)
           Specifies custom node identifier.
DocumentBasegetDocument()
Gets the document to which this node belongs.
booleanisComposite()
Returns true if this node can contain other nodes.
java.lang.StringgetName()
void
setName(java.lang.Stringvalue)
           Gets or sets the bookmark name.
NodegetNextSibling()
Gets the node immediately following this node.
intgetNodeType()
Returns NodeType.BOOKMARK_START. The value of the property is NodeType integer constant.
CompositeNodegetParentNode()
Gets the immediate parent of this node.
NodegetPreviousSibling()
Gets the node immediately preceding this node.
RangegetRange()
Returns a Range object that represents the portion of a document that is contained in this node.
 
Method Summary
booleanaccept(DocumentVisitor visitor)
Accepts a visitor.
NodedeepClone(boolean isCloneChildren)
Creates a duplicate of the node.
CompositeNodegetAncestor(int ancestorType)
Gets the first ancestor of the specified NodeType.
CompositeNodegetAncestor(java.lang.Class ancestorType)
Gets the first ancestor of the specified object type.
java.lang.StringgetText()
Returns an empty string.
NodenextPreOrder(Node rootNode)
Gets next node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
NodepreviousPreOrder(Node rootNode)
Gets the previous node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
voidremove()
Removes itself from the parent.
java.lang.StringtoString(SaveOptions saveOptions)
Exports the content of the node into a string using the specified save options.
java.lang.StringtoString(int saveFormat)
Exports the content of the node into a string in the specified format.
 

    • Constructor Detail

      • BookmarkStart

        public BookmarkStart(DocumentBase doc, java.lang.String name)
        Initializes a new instance of the BookmarkStart class.
        Parameters:
        doc - The owner document.
        name - The name of the bookmark. Cannot be null.

        Example:

        Shows how to add bookmarks and update their contents.
        public void createUpdateAndPrintBookmarks() throws Exception {
            // Create a document with three bookmarks, then use a custom document visitor implementation to print their contents.
            Document doc = createDocumentWithBookmarks(3);
            BookmarkCollection bookmarks = doc.getRange().getBookmarks();
        
            printAllBookmarkInfo(bookmarks);
        
            // Bookmarks can be accessed in the bookmark collection by index or name, and their names can be updated.
            bookmarks.get(0).setName("{bookmarks[0].Name}_NewName");
            bookmarks.get("MyBookmark_2").setText("Updated text contents of {bookmarks[1].Name}");
        
            // Print all bookmarks again to see updated values.
            printAllBookmarkInfo(bookmarks);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Create a document with a given number of bookmarks.
        /// </summary>
        private static Document createDocumentWithBookmarks(int numberOfBookmarks) throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document();
            DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
            for (int i = 1; i <= numberOfBookmarks; i++) {
                String bookmarkName = "MyBookmark_" + i;
        
                builder.write("Text before bookmark.");
                builder.startBookmark(bookmarkName);
                builder.write(MessageFormat.format("Text inside {0}.", bookmarkName));
                builder.endBookmark(bookmarkName);
                builder.writeln("Text after bookmark.");
            }
        
            return doc;
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Use an iterator and a visitor to print info of every bookmark in the collection.
        /// </summary>
        private static void printAllBookmarkInfo(BookmarkCollection bookmarks) throws Exception {
            BookmarkInfoPrinter bookmarkVisitor = new BookmarkInfoPrinter();
        
            // Get each bookmark in the collection to accept a visitor that will print its contents.
            Iterator<Bookmark> enumerator = bookmarks.iterator();
        
            while (enumerator.hasNext()) {
                Bookmark currentBookmark = enumerator.next();
        
                if (currentBookmark != null) {
                    currentBookmark.getBookmarkStart().accept(bookmarkVisitor);
                    currentBookmark.getBookmarkEnd().accept(bookmarkVisitor);
        
                    System.out.println(currentBookmark.getBookmarkStart().getText());
                }
            }
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Prints contents of every visited bookmark to the console.
        /// </summary>
        public static class BookmarkInfoPrinter extends DocumentVisitor {
            public int visitBookmarkStart(BookmarkStart bookmarkStart) throws Exception {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("BookmarkStart name: \"{0}\", Content: \"{1}\"", bookmarkStart.getName(),
                        bookmarkStart.getBookmark().getText()));
                return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
            }
        
            public int visitBookmarkEnd(BookmarkEnd bookmarkEnd) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("BookmarkEnd name: \"{0}\"", bookmarkEnd.getName()));
                return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
            }
        }
    • Property Getters/Setters Detail

      • getBookmark

        public Bookmark getBookmark()
        
        Gets the facade object that encapsulates this bookmark start and end.

        Example:

        Shows how to add bookmarks and update their contents.
        public void createUpdateAndPrintBookmarks() throws Exception {
            // Create a document with three bookmarks, then use a custom document visitor implementation to print their contents.
            Document doc = createDocumentWithBookmarks(3);
            BookmarkCollection bookmarks = doc.getRange().getBookmarks();
        
            printAllBookmarkInfo(bookmarks);
        
            // Bookmarks can be accessed in the bookmark collection by index or name, and their names can be updated.
            bookmarks.get(0).setName("{bookmarks[0].Name}_NewName");
            bookmarks.get("MyBookmark_2").setText("Updated text contents of {bookmarks[1].Name}");
        
            // Print all bookmarks again to see updated values.
            printAllBookmarkInfo(bookmarks);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Create a document with a given number of bookmarks.
        /// </summary>
        private static Document createDocumentWithBookmarks(int numberOfBookmarks) throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document();
            DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
            for (int i = 1; i <= numberOfBookmarks; i++) {
                String bookmarkName = "MyBookmark_" + i;
        
                builder.write("Text before bookmark.");
                builder.startBookmark(bookmarkName);
                builder.write(MessageFormat.format("Text inside {0}.", bookmarkName));
                builder.endBookmark(bookmarkName);
                builder.writeln("Text after bookmark.");
            }
        
            return doc;
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Use an iterator and a visitor to print info of every bookmark in the collection.
        /// </summary>
        private static void printAllBookmarkInfo(BookmarkCollection bookmarks) throws Exception {
            BookmarkInfoPrinter bookmarkVisitor = new BookmarkInfoPrinter();
        
            // Get each bookmark in the collection to accept a visitor that will print its contents.
            Iterator<Bookmark> enumerator = bookmarks.iterator();
        
            while (enumerator.hasNext()) {
                Bookmark currentBookmark = enumerator.next();
        
                if (currentBookmark != null) {
                    currentBookmark.getBookmarkStart().accept(bookmarkVisitor);
                    currentBookmark.getBookmarkEnd().accept(bookmarkVisitor);
        
                    System.out.println(currentBookmark.getBookmarkStart().getText());
                }
            }
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Prints contents of every visited bookmark to the console.
        /// </summary>
        public static class BookmarkInfoPrinter extends DocumentVisitor {
            public int visitBookmarkStart(BookmarkStart bookmarkStart) throws Exception {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("BookmarkStart name: \"{0}\", Content: \"{1}\"", bookmarkStart.getName(),
                        bookmarkStart.getBookmark().getText()));
                return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
            }
        
            public int visitBookmarkEnd(BookmarkEnd bookmarkEnd) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("BookmarkEnd name: \"{0}\"", bookmarkEnd.getName()));
                return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
            }
        }
      • getCustomNodeId/setCustomNodeId

        public int getCustomNodeId() / public void setCustomNodeId(int value)
        
        Specifies custom node identifier.

        Default is zero.

        This identifier can be set and used arbitrarily. For example, as a key to get external data.

        Important note, specified value is not saved to an output file and exists only during the node lifetime.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse through a composite node's collection of child nodes.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        // Add two runs and one shape as child nodes to the first paragraph of this document.
        Paragraph paragraph = (Paragraph) doc.getChild(NodeType.PARAGRAPH, 0, true);
        paragraph.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world! "));
        
        Shape shape = new Shape(doc, ShapeType.RECTANGLE);
        shape.setWidth(200.0);
        shape.setHeight(200.0);
        // Note that the 'CustomNodeId' is not saved to an output file and exists only during the node lifetime.
        shape.setCustomNodeId(100);
        shape.setWrapType(WrapType.INLINE);
        paragraph.appendChild(shape);
        
        paragraph.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello again!"));
        
        // Iterate through the paragraph's collection of immediate children,
        // and print any runs or shapes that we find within.
        NodeCollection children = paragraph.getChildNodes();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(3, paragraph.getChildNodes().getCount());
        
        for (Node child : (Iterable<Node>) children)
            switch (child.getNodeType()) {
                case NodeType.RUN:
                    System.out.println("Run contents:");
                    System.out.println("\t\"{child.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                    break;
                case NodeType.SHAPE:
                    Shape childShape = (Shape) child;
                    System.out.println("Shape:");
                    System.out.println("\t{childShape.ShapeType}, {childShape.Width}x{childShape.Height}");
                    break;
            }
      • getDocument

        public DocumentBase getDocument()
        
        Gets the document to which this node belongs.

        The node always belongs to a document even if it has just been created and not yet added to the tree, or if it has been removed from the tree.

        Example:

        Shows how to create a node and set its owning document.
        Document doc = new Document();
        Paragraph para = new Paragraph(doc);
        para.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world!"));
        
        // We have not yet appended this paragraph as a child to any composite node.
        Assert.assertNull(para.getParentNode());
        
        // If a node is an appropriate child node type of another composite node,
        // we can attach it as a child only if both nodes have the same owner document.
        // The owner document is the document we passed to the node's constructor.
        // We have not attached this paragraph to the document, so the document does not contain its text.
        Assert.assertEquals(para.getDocument(), doc);
        Assert.assertEquals("", doc.getText().trim());
        
        // Since the document owns this paragraph, we can apply one of its styles to the paragraph's contents.
        para.getParagraphFormat().setStyleName("Heading 1");
        
        // Add this node to the document, and then verify its contents.
        doc.getFirstSection().getBody().appendChild(para);
        
        Assert.assertEquals(doc.getFirstSection().getBody(), para.getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello world!", doc.getText().trim());
      • isComposite

        public boolean isComposite()
        
        Returns true if this node can contain other nodes. This method returns false as Node cannot have child nodes.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse a composite node's tree of child nodes.
        public void recurseChildren() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Paragraphs.docx");
        
            // Any node that can contain child nodes, such as the document itself, is composite.
            Assert.assertTrue(doc.isComposite());
        
            // Invoke the recursive function that will go through and print all the child nodes of a composite node.
            traverseAllNodes(doc, 0);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Recursively traverses a node tree while printing the type of each node
        /// with an indent depending on depth as well as the contents of all inline nodes.
        /// </summary>
        @Test(enabled = false)
        public void traverseAllNodes(CompositeNode parentNode, int depth) {
            for (Node childNode = parentNode.getFirstChild(); childNode != null; childNode = childNode.getNextSibling()) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("{0}{1}", String.format("    ", depth), Node.nodeTypeToString(childNode.getNodeType())));
        
                // Recurse into the node if it is a composite node. Otherwise, print its contents if it is an inline node.
                if (childNode.isComposite()) {
                    System.out.println();
                    traverseAllNodes((CompositeNode) childNode, depth + 1);
                } else if (childNode instanceof Inline) {
                    System.out.println(" - \"{childNode.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                } else {
                    System.out.println();
                }
            }
        }
      • getName/setName

        public java.lang.String getName() / public void setName(java.lang.String value)
        
        Gets or sets the bookmark name.

        Cannot be null.

        Example:

        Shows how to add bookmarks and update their contents.
        public void createUpdateAndPrintBookmarks() throws Exception {
            // Create a document with three bookmarks, then use a custom document visitor implementation to print their contents.
            Document doc = createDocumentWithBookmarks(3);
            BookmarkCollection bookmarks = doc.getRange().getBookmarks();
        
            printAllBookmarkInfo(bookmarks);
        
            // Bookmarks can be accessed in the bookmark collection by index or name, and their names can be updated.
            bookmarks.get(0).setName("{bookmarks[0].Name}_NewName");
            bookmarks.get("MyBookmark_2").setText("Updated text contents of {bookmarks[1].Name}");
        
            // Print all bookmarks again to see updated values.
            printAllBookmarkInfo(bookmarks);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Create a document with a given number of bookmarks.
        /// </summary>
        private static Document createDocumentWithBookmarks(int numberOfBookmarks) throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document();
            DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
            for (int i = 1; i <= numberOfBookmarks; i++) {
                String bookmarkName = "MyBookmark_" + i;
        
                builder.write("Text before bookmark.");
                builder.startBookmark(bookmarkName);
                builder.write(MessageFormat.format("Text inside {0}.", bookmarkName));
                builder.endBookmark(bookmarkName);
                builder.writeln("Text after bookmark.");
            }
        
            return doc;
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Use an iterator and a visitor to print info of every bookmark in the collection.
        /// </summary>
        private static void printAllBookmarkInfo(BookmarkCollection bookmarks) throws Exception {
            BookmarkInfoPrinter bookmarkVisitor = new BookmarkInfoPrinter();
        
            // Get each bookmark in the collection to accept a visitor that will print its contents.
            Iterator<Bookmark> enumerator = bookmarks.iterator();
        
            while (enumerator.hasNext()) {
                Bookmark currentBookmark = enumerator.next();
        
                if (currentBookmark != null) {
                    currentBookmark.getBookmarkStart().accept(bookmarkVisitor);
                    currentBookmark.getBookmarkEnd().accept(bookmarkVisitor);
        
                    System.out.println(currentBookmark.getBookmarkStart().getText());
                }
            }
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Prints contents of every visited bookmark to the console.
        /// </summary>
        public static class BookmarkInfoPrinter extends DocumentVisitor {
            public int visitBookmarkStart(BookmarkStart bookmarkStart) throws Exception {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("BookmarkStart name: \"{0}\", Content: \"{1}\"", bookmarkStart.getName(),
                        bookmarkStart.getBookmark().getText()));
                return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
            }
        
            public int visitBookmarkEnd(BookmarkEnd bookmarkEnd) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("BookmarkEnd name: \"{0}\"", bookmarkEnd.getName()));
                return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
            }
        }
      • getNextSibling

        public Node getNextSibling()
        
        Gets the node immediately following this node. If there is no next node, a null is returned.

        Example:

        Shows how to use a node's NextSibling property to enumerate through its immediate children.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Paragraphs.docx");
        
        for (Node node = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstChild(); node != null; node = node.getNextSibling()) {
            System.out.println(Node.nodeTypeToString(node.getNodeType()));
        }

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse a composite node's tree of child nodes.
        public void recurseChildren() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Paragraphs.docx");
        
            // Any node that can contain child nodes, such as the document itself, is composite.
            Assert.assertTrue(doc.isComposite());
        
            // Invoke the recursive function that will go through and print all the child nodes of a composite node.
            traverseAllNodes(doc, 0);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Recursively traverses a node tree while printing the type of each node
        /// with an indent depending on depth as well as the contents of all inline nodes.
        /// </summary>
        @Test(enabled = false)
        public void traverseAllNodes(CompositeNode parentNode, int depth) {
            for (Node childNode = parentNode.getFirstChild(); childNode != null; childNode = childNode.getNextSibling()) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("{0}{1}", String.format("    ", depth), Node.nodeTypeToString(childNode.getNodeType())));
        
                // Recurse into the node if it is a composite node. Otherwise, print its contents if it is an inline node.
                if (childNode.isComposite()) {
                    System.out.println();
                    traverseAllNodes((CompositeNode) childNode, depth + 1);
                } else if (childNode instanceof Inline) {
                    System.out.println(" - \"{childNode.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                } else {
                    System.out.println();
                }
            }
        }
      • getNodeType

        public int getNodeType()
        
        Returns NodeType.BOOKMARK_START. The value of the property is NodeType integer constant.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse a composite node's tree of child nodes.
        public void recurseChildren() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Paragraphs.docx");
        
            // Any node that can contain child nodes, such as the document itself, is composite.
            Assert.assertTrue(doc.isComposite());
        
            // Invoke the recursive function that will go through and print all the child nodes of a composite node.
            traverseAllNodes(doc, 0);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Recursively traverses a node tree while printing the type of each node
        /// with an indent depending on depth as well as the contents of all inline nodes.
        /// </summary>
        @Test(enabled = false)
        public void traverseAllNodes(CompositeNode parentNode, int depth) {
            for (Node childNode = parentNode.getFirstChild(); childNode != null; childNode = childNode.getNextSibling()) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("{0}{1}", String.format("    ", depth), Node.nodeTypeToString(childNode.getNodeType())));
        
                // Recurse into the node if it is a composite node. Otherwise, print its contents if it is an inline node.
                if (childNode.isComposite()) {
                    System.out.println();
                    traverseAllNodes((CompositeNode) childNode, depth + 1);
                } else if (childNode instanceof Inline) {
                    System.out.println(" - \"{childNode.GetText().Trim()}\"");
                } else {
                    System.out.println();
                }
            }
        }
      • getParentNode

        public CompositeNode getParentNode()
        
        Gets the immediate parent of this node.

        If a node has just been created and not yet added to the tree, or if it has been removed from the tree, the parent is null.

        Example:

        Shows how to access a node's parent node.
        Document doc = new Document();
        Paragraph para = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstParagraph();
        
        // Append a child Run node to the document's first paragraph.
        Run run = new Run(doc, "Hello world!");
        para.appendChild(run);
        
        // The paragraph is the parent node of the run node. We can trace this lineage
        // all the way to the document node, which is the root of the document's node tree.
        Assert.assertEquals(para, run.getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals(doc.getFirstSection().getBody(), para.getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals(doc.getFirstSection(), doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals(doc, doc.getFirstSection().getParentNode());

        Example:

        Shows how to create a node and set its owning document.
        Document doc = new Document();
        Paragraph para = new Paragraph(doc);
        para.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world!"));
        
        // We have not yet appended this paragraph as a child to any composite node.
        Assert.assertNull(para.getParentNode());
        
        // If a node is an appropriate child node type of another composite node,
        // we can attach it as a child only if both nodes have the same owner document.
        // The owner document is the document we passed to the node's constructor.
        // We have not attached this paragraph to the document, so the document does not contain its text.
        Assert.assertEquals(para.getDocument(), doc);
        Assert.assertEquals("", doc.getText().trim());
        
        // Since the document owns this paragraph, we can apply one of its styles to the paragraph's contents.
        para.getParagraphFormat().setStyleName("Heading 1");
        
        // Add this node to the document, and then verify its contents.
        doc.getFirstSection().getBody().appendChild(para);
        
        Assert.assertEquals(doc.getFirstSection().getBody(), para.getParentNode());
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello world!", doc.getText().trim());
      • getPreviousSibling

        public Node getPreviousSibling()
        
        Gets the node immediately preceding this node. If there is no preceding node, a null is returned.

        Example:

        Shows how to use of methods of Node and CompositeNode to remove a section before the last section in the document.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        builder.writeln("Section 1 text.");
        builder.insertBreak(BreakType.SECTION_BREAK_CONTINUOUS);
        builder.writeln("Section 2 text.");
        
        // Both sections are siblings of each other.
        Section lastSection = (Section) doc.getLastChild();
        Section firstSection = (Section) lastSection.getPreviousSibling();
        
        // Remove a section based on its sibling relationship with another section.
        if (lastSection.getPreviousSibling() != null)
            doc.removeChild(firstSection);
        
        // The section we removed was the first one, leaving the document with only the second.
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 2 text.", doc.getText().trim());
      • getRange

        public Range getRange()
        
        Returns a Range object that represents the portion of a document that is contained in this node.

        Example:

        Shows how to delete all the nodes from a range.
        Document doc = new Document();
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
        // Add text to the first section in the document, and then add another section.
        builder.write("Section 1. ");
        builder.insertBreak(BreakType.SECTION_BREAK_CONTINUOUS);
        builder.write("Section 2.");
        
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 1. \fSection 2.", doc.getText().trim());
        
        // Remove the first section entirely by removing all the nodes
        // within its range, including the section itself.
        doc.getSections().get(0).getRange().delete();
        
        Assert.assertEquals(1, doc.getSections().getCount());
        Assert.assertEquals("Section 2.", doc.getText().trim());
    • Method Detail

      • accept

        public boolean accept(DocumentVisitor visitor)
                      throws java.lang.Exception
        Accepts a visitor.

        Calls DocumentVisitor.visitBookmarkStart(com.aspose.words.BookmarkStart).

        For more info see the Visitor design pattern.

        Parameters:
        visitor - The visitor that will visit the node.
        Returns:
        False if the visitor requested the enumeration to stop.

        Example:

        Shows how to add bookmarks and update their contents.
        public void createUpdateAndPrintBookmarks() throws Exception {
            // Create a document with three bookmarks, then use a custom document visitor implementation to print their contents.
            Document doc = createDocumentWithBookmarks(3);
            BookmarkCollection bookmarks = doc.getRange().getBookmarks();
        
            printAllBookmarkInfo(bookmarks);
        
            // Bookmarks can be accessed in the bookmark collection by index or name, and their names can be updated.
            bookmarks.get(0).setName("{bookmarks[0].Name}_NewName");
            bookmarks.get("MyBookmark_2").setText("Updated text contents of {bookmarks[1].Name}");
        
            // Print all bookmarks again to see updated values.
            printAllBookmarkInfo(bookmarks);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Create a document with a given number of bookmarks.
        /// </summary>
        private static Document createDocumentWithBookmarks(int numberOfBookmarks) throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document();
            DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
            for (int i = 1; i <= numberOfBookmarks; i++) {
                String bookmarkName = "MyBookmark_" + i;
        
                builder.write("Text before bookmark.");
                builder.startBookmark(bookmarkName);
                builder.write(MessageFormat.format("Text inside {0}.", bookmarkName));
                builder.endBookmark(bookmarkName);
                builder.writeln("Text after bookmark.");
            }
        
            return doc;
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Use an iterator and a visitor to print info of every bookmark in the collection.
        /// </summary>
        private static void printAllBookmarkInfo(BookmarkCollection bookmarks) throws Exception {
            BookmarkInfoPrinter bookmarkVisitor = new BookmarkInfoPrinter();
        
            // Get each bookmark in the collection to accept a visitor that will print its contents.
            Iterator<Bookmark> enumerator = bookmarks.iterator();
        
            while (enumerator.hasNext()) {
                Bookmark currentBookmark = enumerator.next();
        
                if (currentBookmark != null) {
                    currentBookmark.getBookmarkStart().accept(bookmarkVisitor);
                    currentBookmark.getBookmarkEnd().accept(bookmarkVisitor);
        
                    System.out.println(currentBookmark.getBookmarkStart().getText());
                }
            }
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Prints contents of every visited bookmark to the console.
        /// </summary>
        public static class BookmarkInfoPrinter extends DocumentVisitor {
            public int visitBookmarkStart(BookmarkStart bookmarkStart) throws Exception {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("BookmarkStart name: \"{0}\", Content: \"{1}\"", bookmarkStart.getName(),
                        bookmarkStart.getBookmark().getText()));
                return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
            }
        
            public int visitBookmarkEnd(BookmarkEnd bookmarkEnd) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("BookmarkEnd name: \"{0}\"", bookmarkEnd.getName()));
                return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
            }
        }
      • deepClone

        public Node deepClone(boolean isCloneChildren)
        Creates a duplicate of the node.

        This method serves as a copy constructor for nodes. The cloned node has no parent, but belongs to the same document as the original node.

        This method always performs a deep copy of the node. The isCloneChildren parameter specifies whether to perform copy all child nodes as well.

        Parameters:
        isCloneChildren - True to recursively clone the subtree under the specified node; false to clone only the node itself.
        Returns:
        The cloned node.

        Example:

        Shows how to clone a composite node.
        Document doc = new Document();
        Paragraph para = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstParagraph();
        para.appendChild(new Run(doc, "Hello world!"));
        
        // Below are two ways of cloning a composite node.
        // 1 -  Create a clone of a node, and create a clone of each of its child nodes as well.
        Node cloneWithChildren = para.deepClone(true);
        
        Assert.assertTrue(((CompositeNode) cloneWithChildren).hasChildNodes());
        Assert.assertEquals("Hello world!", cloneWithChildren.getText().trim());
        
        // 2 -  Create a clone of a node just by itself without any children.
        Node cloneWithoutChildren = para.deepClone(false);
        
        Assert.assertFalse(((CompositeNode) cloneWithoutChildren).hasChildNodes());
        Assert.assertEquals("", cloneWithoutChildren.getText().trim());
      • getAncestor

        public CompositeNode getAncestor(int ancestorType)
        Gets the first ancestor of the specified NodeType.
        Parameters:
        ancestorType - A NodeType value. The node type of the ancestor to retrieve.
        Returns:
        The ancestor of the specified type or null if no ancestor of this type was found.

        Example:

        Shows how to find out if a tables are nested.
        public void calculateDepthOfNestedTables() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Nested tables.docx");
            NodeCollection tables = doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.TABLE, true);
        
            for (int i = 0; i < tables.getCount(); i++) {
                Table table = (Table) tables.get(i);
        
                // Find out if any cells in the table have other tables as children.
                int count = getChildTableCount(table);
                System.out.print(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} has {1} tables directly within its cells", i, count));
        
                // Find out if the table is nested inside another table, and, if so, at what depth.
                int tableDepth = getNestedDepthOfTable(table);
        
                if (tableDepth > 0)
                    System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} is nested inside another table at depth of {1}", i, tableDepth));
                else
                    System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} is a non nested table (is not a child of another table)", i));
            }
        }
        
        /**
         * Calculates what level a table is nested inside other tables.
         *
         * @returns An integer containing the level the table is nested at.
         * 0 = Table is not nested inside any other table
         * 1 = Table is nested within one parent table
         * 2 = Table is nested within two parent tables etc..
         */
        private static int getNestedDepthOfTable(final Table table) {
            int depth = 0;
            Node parent = table.getAncestor(table.getNodeType());
        
            while (parent != null) {
                depth++;
                parent = parent.getAncestor(Table.class);
            }
        
            return depth;
        }
        
        /**
         * Determines if a table contains any immediate child table within its cells.
         * Does not recursively traverse through those tables to check for further tables.
         *
         * @returns Returns true if at least one child cell contains a table.
         * Returns false if no cells in the table contains a table.
         */
        private static int getChildTableCount(final Table table) {
            int childTableCount = 0;
        
            for (Row row : table.getRows()) {
                for (Cell cell : row.getCells()) {
                    TableCollection childTables = cell.getTables();
        
                    if (childTables.getCount() > 0) childTableCount++;
                }
            }
        
            return childTableCount;
        }
      • getAncestor

        public CompositeNode getAncestor(java.lang.Class ancestorType)
        Gets the first ancestor of the specified object type.

        The ancestor type matches if it is equal to ancestorType or derived from ancestorType.

        Parameters:
        ancestorType - The object type of the ancestor to retrieve.
        Returns:
        The ancestor of the specified type or null if no ancestor of this type was found.

        Example:

        Shows how to find out if a tables are nested.
        public void calculateDepthOfNestedTables() throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Nested tables.docx");
            NodeCollection tables = doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.TABLE, true);
        
            for (int i = 0; i < tables.getCount(); i++) {
                Table table = (Table) tables.get(i);
        
                // Find out if any cells in the table have other tables as children.
                int count = getChildTableCount(table);
                System.out.print(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} has {1} tables directly within its cells", i, count));
        
                // Find out if the table is nested inside another table, and, if so, at what depth.
                int tableDepth = getNestedDepthOfTable(table);
        
                if (tableDepth > 0)
                    System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} is nested inside another table at depth of {1}", i, tableDepth));
                else
                    System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("Table #{0} is a non nested table (is not a child of another table)", i));
            }
        }
        
        /**
         * Calculates what level a table is nested inside other tables.
         *
         * @returns An integer containing the level the table is nested at.
         * 0 = Table is not nested inside any other table
         * 1 = Table is nested within one parent table
         * 2 = Table is nested within two parent tables etc..
         */
        private static int getNestedDepthOfTable(final Table table) {
            int depth = 0;
            Node parent = table.getAncestor(table.getNodeType());
        
            while (parent != null) {
                depth++;
                parent = parent.getAncestor(Table.class);
            }
        
            return depth;
        }
        
        /**
         * Determines if a table contains any immediate child table within its cells.
         * Does not recursively traverse through those tables to check for further tables.
         *
         * @returns Returns true if at least one child cell contains a table.
         * Returns false if no cells in the table contains a table.
         */
        private static int getChildTableCount(final Table table) {
            int childTableCount = 0;
        
            for (Row row : table.getRows()) {
                for (Cell cell : row.getCells()) {
                    TableCollection childTables = cell.getTables();
        
                    if (childTables.getCount() > 0) childTableCount++;
                }
            }
        
            return childTableCount;
        }
      • getText

        public java.lang.String getText()
        Returns an empty string.
        Returns:
        An empty string.

        Example:

        Shows how to add bookmarks and update their contents.
        public void createUpdateAndPrintBookmarks() throws Exception {
            // Create a document with three bookmarks, then use a custom document visitor implementation to print their contents.
            Document doc = createDocumentWithBookmarks(3);
            BookmarkCollection bookmarks = doc.getRange().getBookmarks();
        
            printAllBookmarkInfo(bookmarks);
        
            // Bookmarks can be accessed in the bookmark collection by index or name, and their names can be updated.
            bookmarks.get(0).setName("{bookmarks[0].Name}_NewName");
            bookmarks.get("MyBookmark_2").setText("Updated text contents of {bookmarks[1].Name}");
        
            // Print all bookmarks again to see updated values.
            printAllBookmarkInfo(bookmarks);
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Create a document with a given number of bookmarks.
        /// </summary>
        private static Document createDocumentWithBookmarks(int numberOfBookmarks) throws Exception {
            Document doc = new Document();
            DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        
            for (int i = 1; i <= numberOfBookmarks; i++) {
                String bookmarkName = "MyBookmark_" + i;
        
                builder.write("Text before bookmark.");
                builder.startBookmark(bookmarkName);
                builder.write(MessageFormat.format("Text inside {0}.", bookmarkName));
                builder.endBookmark(bookmarkName);
                builder.writeln("Text after bookmark.");
            }
        
            return doc;
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Use an iterator and a visitor to print info of every bookmark in the collection.
        /// </summary>
        private static void printAllBookmarkInfo(BookmarkCollection bookmarks) throws Exception {
            BookmarkInfoPrinter bookmarkVisitor = new BookmarkInfoPrinter();
        
            // Get each bookmark in the collection to accept a visitor that will print its contents.
            Iterator<Bookmark> enumerator = bookmarks.iterator();
        
            while (enumerator.hasNext()) {
                Bookmark currentBookmark = enumerator.next();
        
                if (currentBookmark != null) {
                    currentBookmark.getBookmarkStart().accept(bookmarkVisitor);
                    currentBookmark.getBookmarkEnd().accept(bookmarkVisitor);
        
                    System.out.println(currentBookmark.getBookmarkStart().getText());
                }
            }
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Prints contents of every visited bookmark to the console.
        /// </summary>
        public static class BookmarkInfoPrinter extends DocumentVisitor {
            public int visitBookmarkStart(BookmarkStart bookmarkStart) throws Exception {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("BookmarkStart name: \"{0}\", Content: \"{1}\"", bookmarkStart.getName(),
                        bookmarkStart.getBookmark().getText()));
                return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
            }
        
            public int visitBookmarkEnd(BookmarkEnd bookmarkEnd) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("BookmarkEnd name: \"{0}\"", bookmarkEnd.getName()));
                return VisitorAction.CONTINUE;
            }
        }
      • nextPreOrder

        public Node nextPreOrder(Node rootNode)
        Gets next node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
        Parameters:
        rootNode - The top node (limit) of traversal.
        Returns:
        Next node in pre-order order. Null if reached the rootNode.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse the document's node tree using the pre-order traversal algorithm, and delete any encountered shape with an image.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Images.docx");
        ArrayList<Shape> shapes = (ArrayList<Shape>) IterableUtils.toList(doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true));
        
        Assert.assertEquals(9, IterableUtils.countMatches(shapes, s -> {
            try {
                return s.hasImage();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            return false;
        }));
        
        Node curNode = doc;
        while (curNode != null) {
            Node nextNode = curNode.nextPreOrder(doc);
        
            if (curNode.previousPreOrder(doc) != null && nextNode != null)
                Assert.assertEquals(curNode, nextNode.previousPreOrder(doc));
        
            if (curNode.getNodeType() == NodeType.SHAPE && ((Shape) curNode).hasImage())
                curNode.remove();
        
            curNode = nextNode;
        }
        
        shapes = (ArrayList<Shape>) IterableUtils.toList(doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true));
        
        Assert.assertEquals(0, IterableUtils.countMatches(shapes, s -> {
            try {
                return s.hasImage();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            return false;
        }));
      • previousPreOrder

        public Node previousPreOrder(Node rootNode)
        Gets the previous node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
        Parameters:
        rootNode - The top node (limit) of traversal.
        Returns:
        Previous node in pre-order order. Null if reached the rootNode.

        Example:

        Shows how to traverse the document's node tree using the pre-order traversal algorithm, and delete any encountered shape with an image.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Images.docx");
        ArrayList<Shape> shapes = (ArrayList<Shape>) IterableUtils.toList(doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true));
        
        Assert.assertEquals(9, IterableUtils.countMatches(shapes, s -> {
            try {
                return s.hasImage();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            return false;
        }));
        
        Node curNode = doc;
        while (curNode != null) {
            Node nextNode = curNode.nextPreOrder(doc);
        
            if (curNode.previousPreOrder(doc) != null && nextNode != null)
                Assert.assertEquals(curNode, nextNode.previousPreOrder(doc));
        
            if (curNode.getNodeType() == NodeType.SHAPE && ((Shape) curNode).hasImage())
                curNode.remove();
        
            curNode = nextNode;
        }
        
        shapes = (ArrayList<Shape>) IterableUtils.toList(doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true));
        
        Assert.assertEquals(0, IterableUtils.countMatches(shapes, s -> {
            try {
                return s.hasImage();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            return false;
        }));
      • remove

        public void remove()
        Removes itself from the parent.

        Example:

        Shows how to delete all shapes with images from a document.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Images.docx");
        ArrayList<Shape> shapes = (ArrayList<Shape>) IterableUtils.toList(doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true));
        
        Assert.assertEquals(9, IterableUtils.countMatches(shapes, s -> {
            try {
                return s.hasImage();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            return false;
        }));
        
        for (Shape shape : shapes)
            if (shape.hasImage())
                shape.remove();
        
        shapes = (ArrayList<Shape>) IterableUtils.toList(doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.SHAPE, true));
        
        Assert.assertEquals(0, IterableUtils.countMatches(shapes, s -> {
            try {
                return s.hasImage();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            return false;
        }));

        Example:

        Shows how to remove all child nodes of a specific type from a composite node.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Tables.docx");
        
        Assert.assertEquals(2, doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.TABLE, true).getCount());
        
        Node curNode = doc.getFirstSection().getBody().getFirstChild();
        
        while (curNode != null) {
            // Save the next sibling node as a variable in case we want to move to it after deleting this node.
            Node nextNode = curNode.getNextSibling();
        
            // A section body can contain Paragraph and Table nodes.
            // If the node is a Table, remove it from the parent.
            if (curNode.getNodeType() == NodeType.TABLE) {
                curNode.remove();
            }
        
            curNode = nextNode;
        }
        
        Assert.assertEquals(0, doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.TABLE, true).getCount());
      • toString

        public java.lang.String toString(SaveOptions saveOptions)
                       throws java.lang.Exception
        Exports the content of the node into a string using the specified save options.
        Parameters:
        saveOptions - Specifies the options that control how the node is saved.
        Returns:
        The content of the node in the specified format.

        Example:

        Exports the content of a node to String in HTML format.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Document.docx");
        
        Node node = doc.getLastSection().getBody().getLastParagraph();
        
        // When we call the ToString method using the html SaveFormat overload,
        // it converts the node's contents to their raw html representation.
        Assert.assertEquals("<p style=\"margin-top:0pt; margin-bottom:8pt; line-height:108%; font-size:12pt\">" +
                "<span style=\"font-family:'Times New Roman'\">Hello World!</span>" +
                "</p>", node.toString(SaveFormat.HTML));
        
        // We can also modify the result of this conversion using a SaveOptions object.
        HtmlSaveOptions saveOptions = new HtmlSaveOptions();
        saveOptions.setExportRelativeFontSize(true);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("<p style=\"margin-top:0pt; margin-bottom:8pt; line-height:108%\">" +
                "<span style=\"font-family:'Times New Roman'\">Hello World!</span>" +
                "</p>", node.toString(saveOptions));
      • toString

        public java.lang.String toString(int saveFormat)
                       throws java.lang.Exception
        Exports the content of the node into a string in the specified format.
        Returns:
        The content of the node in the specified format.
        Parameters:
        saveFormat - A SaveFormat value.

        Example:

        Shows how to extract the list labels of all paragraphs that are list items.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Rendering.docx");
        doc.updateListLabels();
        int listParaCount = 1;
        
        for (Paragraph paragraph : (Iterable<Paragraph>) doc.getChildNodes(NodeType.PARAGRAPH, true)) {
            // Find if we have the paragraph list. In our document, our list uses plain Arabic numbers,
            // which start at three and ends at six.
            if (paragraph.getListFormat().isListItem()) {
                System.out.println(MessageFormat.format("List item paragraph #{0}", listParaCount));
        
                // This is the text we get when getting when we output this node to text format.
                // This text output will omit list labels. Trim any paragraph formatting characters. 
                String paragraphText = paragraph.toString(SaveFormat.TEXT).trim();
                System.out.println("Exported Text: " + paragraphText);
        
                ListLabel label = paragraph.getListLabel();
        
                // This gets the position of the paragraph in the current level of the list. If we have a list with multiple levels,
                // this will tell us what position it is on that level.
                System.out.println("\tNumerical Id: {label.LabelValue}");
        
                // Combine them together to include the list label with the text in the output.
                System.out.println("\tList label combined with text: {label.LabelString} {paragraphText}");
            }

        Example:

        Exports the content of a node to String in HTML format.
        Document doc = new Document(getMyDir() + "Document.docx");
        
        Node node = doc.getLastSection().getBody().getLastParagraph();
        
        // When we call the ToString method using the html SaveFormat overload,
        // it converts the node's contents to their raw html representation.
        Assert.assertEquals("<p style=\"margin-top:0pt; margin-bottom:8pt; line-height:108%; font-size:12pt\">" +
                "<span style=\"font-family:'Times New Roman'\">Hello World!</span>" +
                "</p>", node.toString(SaveFormat.HTML));
        
        // We can also modify the result of this conversion using a SaveOptions object.
        HtmlSaveOptions saveOptions = new HtmlSaveOptions();
        saveOptions.setExportRelativeFontSize(true);
        
        Assert.assertEquals("<p style=\"margin-top:0pt; margin-bottom:8pt; line-height:108%\">" +
                "<span style=\"font-family:'Times New Roman'\">Hello World!</span>" +
                "</p>", node.toString(saveOptions));

        Example:

        Shows the difference between calling the GetText and ToString methods on a node.
        Document doc = new Document();
        
        DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
        builder.insertField("MERGEFIELD Field");
        
        // GetText will retrieve the visible text as well as field codes and special characters.
        Assert.assertEquals("\u0013MERGEFIELD Field\u0014«Field»\u0015\f", doc.getText());
        
        // ToString will give us the document's appearance if saved to a passed save format.
        Assert.assertEquals("«Field»\r\n", doc.toString(SaveFormat.TEXT));