The DOM does not provide any filters. NodeFilter is just an interface that users can implement to provide their own filters.
NodeFilters do not need to know how to traverse from node to node, nor do they need to know anything about the data structure that is being traversed. This makes it very easy to write filters, since the only thing they have to know how to do is evaluate a single node. One filter may be used with a number of different kinds of traversals, encouraging code reuse.
See also the Document object Model (DOM) Level 2 Traversal and Range Specification. @since DOM Level 2
Thetype exposes the following members.
Test whether a specified node is visible in the logical view of a TreeWalker or NodeIterator. This function will be called by the implementation of TreeWalker and NodeIterator; it is not normally called directly from user code. (Though you could do so if you wanted to use the same filter to guide your own application logic.)